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T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: comparative study of polymerase chain reaction with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and GeneScan analysis.
Br J Dermatol. 2010 Apr; 162(4):822-9.BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The usefulness of T-cell receptor gene rearrangement (TCR-GR) analyses for differentiating cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) from benign inflammatory disorders (BID) has been insufficiently studied to date.

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the diagnostic value of TCR-GR analyses, comparing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis and BIOMED-2 standardized protocol PCR with GeneScan analysis (BIOMED-2-GS).

METHODS

Both types of PCR were performed in 157 patients evaluated for initial features suggestive of CTCL between 1996 and 2007. After clinical and histological review, the final diagnosis was CTCL in 77 cases and BID in 80 cases.

RESULTS

DGGE and BIOMED-2-GS had a similar diagnostic value for distinguishing CTCL from BID, with a sensitivity of 74% and 77%, respectively, and a specificity of 86%. The observed concordance between both methods was 90% and the kappa coefficient was 0.79. Positivity rates did not depend on the PCR method but varied according to the type of CTCL (73-75% in mycosis fungoides, 90-100% in Sézary syndrome, 40-60% in lymphomatoid papulosis and 100% in other types). The positivity rate in BID was 14% with both methods. The most frequent BID with a monoclonal pattern were drug-induced cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia, erythrodermic psoriasis and pityriasis lichenoides chronica.

CONCLUSIONS

BIOMED-2-GS analysis of the TCRgamma gene is as sensitive and specific as DGGE for CTCL diagnosis. In addition, BIOMED-2-GS is less time-consuming and gives more information concerning the size and nature of TCR-GR.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Robert Debré, Avenue du Général Koenig, 51092 Reims Cedex, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19906072

Citation

Goeldel, A L., et al. "T-cell Receptor Gamma Gene Rearrangement in Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma: Comparative Study of Polymerase Chain Reaction With Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis and GeneScan Analysis." The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 162, no. 4, 2010, pp. 822-9.
Goeldel AL, Cornillet-Lefebvre P, Durlach A, et al. T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: comparative study of polymerase chain reaction with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and GeneScan analysis. Br J Dermatol. 2010;162(4):822-9.
Goeldel, A. L., Cornillet-Lefebvre, P., Durlach, A., Birembaut, P., Bernard, P., Nguyen, P., & Grange, F. (2010). T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: comparative study of polymerase chain reaction with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and GeneScan analysis. The British Journal of Dermatology, 162(4), 822-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09575.x
Goeldel AL, et al. T-cell Receptor Gamma Gene Rearrangement in Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma: Comparative Study of Polymerase Chain Reaction With Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis and GeneScan Analysis. Br J Dermatol. 2010;162(4):822-9. PubMed PMID: 19906072.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: comparative study of polymerase chain reaction with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and GeneScan analysis. AU - Goeldel,A L, AU - Cornillet-Lefebvre,P, AU - Durlach,A, AU - Birembaut,P, AU - Bernard,P, AU - Nguyen,P, AU - Grange,F, Y1 - 2009/11/10/ PY - 2009/11/13/entrez PY - 2009/11/13/pubmed PY - 2010/10/7/medline SP - 822 EP - 9 JF - The British journal of dermatology JO - Br J Dermatol VL - 162 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The usefulness of T-cell receptor gene rearrangement (TCR-GR) analyses for differentiating cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) from benign inflammatory disorders (BID) has been insufficiently studied to date. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of TCR-GR analyses, comparing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis and BIOMED-2 standardized protocol PCR with GeneScan analysis (BIOMED-2-GS). METHODS: Both types of PCR were performed in 157 patients evaluated for initial features suggestive of CTCL between 1996 and 2007. After clinical and histological review, the final diagnosis was CTCL in 77 cases and BID in 80 cases. RESULTS: DGGE and BIOMED-2-GS had a similar diagnostic value for distinguishing CTCL from BID, with a sensitivity of 74% and 77%, respectively, and a specificity of 86%. The observed concordance between both methods was 90% and the kappa coefficient was 0.79. Positivity rates did not depend on the PCR method but varied according to the type of CTCL (73-75% in mycosis fungoides, 90-100% in Sézary syndrome, 40-60% in lymphomatoid papulosis and 100% in other types). The positivity rate in BID was 14% with both methods. The most frequent BID with a monoclonal pattern were drug-induced cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia, erythrodermic psoriasis and pityriasis lichenoides chronica. CONCLUSIONS: BIOMED-2-GS analysis of the TCRgamma gene is as sensitive and specific as DGGE for CTCL diagnosis. In addition, BIOMED-2-GS is less time-consuming and gives more information concerning the size and nature of TCR-GR. SN - 1365-2133 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19906072/T_cell_receptor_gamma_gene_rearrangement_in_cutaneous_T_cell_lymphoma:_comparative_study_of_polymerase_chain_reaction_with_denaturing_gradient_gel_electrophoresis_and_GeneScan_analysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09575.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -