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Comparison of resistance and concurrent resistance and endurance training regimes in the development of strength.
J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Dec; 23(9):2507-14.JS

Abstract

Resistance and endurance training are often performed concurrently in most exercise programs and in rehabilitative settings in an attempt to acquire gains in more than 1 physiologic system. However, it has been proposed that by simultaneously performing these 2 modes of exercise training, the strength gains achieved by resistance training alone may be impaired. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of 16 weeks of resistance training and concurrent resistance and endurance training on muscular strength development in 38 sedentary, apparently healthy males (25 yr +/- 8 mo). Subjects were age-matched and randomly assigned to either a control (Con) group (n = 12), resistance training (Res) group (n = 13), or concurrent resistance and endurance training (Com) group (n = 13). After 16 weeks, no changes were found in the strength of the subjects in the Con group. Resistance training and concurrent resistance and endurance training significantly (p < or = 0.05) improved strength in all of the 8 prescribed exercises. The data also indicated that 16 weeks of concurrent resistance training and endurance training was as effective in eliciting improvements in strength as resistance training alone in previously sedentary males. As such, concurrent resistance and endurance training does not impede muscular strength gains and can be prescribed simultaneously for the development of strength in sedentary, apparently healthy males and thus may invoke all the physiologic adaptations of resistance and endurance training at once.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tshwane University of Technology, Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Pretoria, Gauteng, Republic of South Africa.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19910823

Citation

Shaw, Brandon S., et al. "Comparison of Resistance and Concurrent Resistance and Endurance Training Regimes in the Development of Strength." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 23, no. 9, 2009, pp. 2507-14.
Shaw BS, Shaw I, Brown GA. Comparison of resistance and concurrent resistance and endurance training regimes in the development of strength. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(9):2507-14.
Shaw, B. S., Shaw, I., & Brown, G. A. (2009). Comparison of resistance and concurrent resistance and endurance training regimes in the development of strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2507-14. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bc191e
Shaw BS, Shaw I, Brown GA. Comparison of Resistance and Concurrent Resistance and Endurance Training Regimes in the Development of Strength. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(9):2507-14. PubMed PMID: 19910823.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of resistance and concurrent resistance and endurance training regimes in the development of strength. AU - Shaw,Brandon S, AU - Shaw,Ina, AU - Brown,Gregory A, PY - 2009/11/14/entrez PY - 2009/11/17/pubmed PY - 2010/3/2/medline SP - 2507 EP - 14 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 23 IS - 9 N2 - Resistance and endurance training are often performed concurrently in most exercise programs and in rehabilitative settings in an attempt to acquire gains in more than 1 physiologic system. However, it has been proposed that by simultaneously performing these 2 modes of exercise training, the strength gains achieved by resistance training alone may be impaired. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of 16 weeks of resistance training and concurrent resistance and endurance training on muscular strength development in 38 sedentary, apparently healthy males (25 yr +/- 8 mo). Subjects were age-matched and randomly assigned to either a control (Con) group (n = 12), resistance training (Res) group (n = 13), or concurrent resistance and endurance training (Com) group (n = 13). After 16 weeks, no changes were found in the strength of the subjects in the Con group. Resistance training and concurrent resistance and endurance training significantly (p < or = 0.05) improved strength in all of the 8 prescribed exercises. The data also indicated that 16 weeks of concurrent resistance training and endurance training was as effective in eliciting improvements in strength as resistance training alone in previously sedentary males. As such, concurrent resistance and endurance training does not impede muscular strength gains and can be prescribed simultaneously for the development of strength in sedentary, apparently healthy males and thus may invoke all the physiologic adaptations of resistance and endurance training at once. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19910823/Comparison_of_resistance_and_concurrent_resistance_and_endurance_training_regimes_in_the_development_of_strength_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bc191e DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -