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Multi-residue analysis of 30 currently used pesticides in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) by microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
J Chromatogr A. 2009 Dec 18; 1216(51):8817-27.JC

Abstract

A confirmatory and rapid procedure has been developed for the determination of 30 currently used pesticides (CUP) in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) at trace level. The proposed method includes extraction of PM 2.5-bound pesticides by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) followed by a direct injection into LC-MS/MS. The main parameters affecting the MAE extraction (time, temperature and volume of solvent) were optimised using statistical design of experiments (DoE). The matrix effect was also evaluated. Recoveries ranged from 72 to 109% and the limit of quantification (LoQ) was 32.5 pg m(-3) for chlorpyrifos, 13.5 pg m(-3) for fenhexamid, imazalil and prochloraz, and 6.5 pg m(-3) for the rest of pesticides, when air volumes of 760 m(3) were collected. The method was applied to 54 samples collected from three stations of the atmospheric monitoring network of the Regional Valencia Government (Spain) during April-July 2009. Nineteen out of 30 pesticides investigated were found in at least one sample: omethoate, carbendazim, acetamiprid, thiabendazole, malathion, flusilazole, metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, iprovalicarb, myclobutanil, tebuconazole, triflumizole, cyprodinil, tebufenpyrad, buprofezin, pyriproxyfen, hexythiazox, flufenoxuron and fenazaquin. The measured concentrations ranged from 6.5 to 1208 pg m(-3). To our knowledge, 11 of the pesticides detected have been reported for the first time in ambient air.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Research Centre (CSISP), Avenida Cataluña 21, 46020 Valencia, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19913234

Citation

Coscollà, Clara, et al. "Multi-residue Analysis of 30 Currently Used Pesticides in Fine Airborne Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) By Microwave-assisted Extraction and Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry." Journal of Chromatography. A, vol. 1216, no. 51, 2009, pp. 8817-27.
Coscollà C, Yusà V, Beser MI, et al. Multi-residue analysis of 30 currently used pesticides in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) by microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. 2009;1216(51):8817-27.
Coscollà, C., Yusà, V., Beser, M. I., & Pastor, A. (2009). Multi-residue analysis of 30 currently used pesticides in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) by microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. A, 1216(51), 8817-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.10.040
Coscollà C, et al. Multi-residue Analysis of 30 Currently Used Pesticides in Fine Airborne Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) By Microwave-assisted Extraction and Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. 2009 Dec 18;1216(51):8817-27. PubMed PMID: 19913234.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-residue analysis of 30 currently used pesticides in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) by microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. AU - Coscollà,Clara, AU - Yusà,Vicent, AU - Beser,Ma Isabel, AU - Pastor,Agustin, Y1 - 2009/10/28/ PY - 2009/08/13/received PY - 2009/10/06/revised PY - 2009/10/13/accepted PY - 2009/11/17/entrez PY - 2009/11/17/pubmed PY - 2010/1/28/medline SP - 8817 EP - 27 JF - Journal of chromatography. A JO - J Chromatogr A VL - 1216 IS - 51 N2 - A confirmatory and rapid procedure has been developed for the determination of 30 currently used pesticides (CUP) in fine airborne particulate matter (PM 2.5) at trace level. The proposed method includes extraction of PM 2.5-bound pesticides by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) followed by a direct injection into LC-MS/MS. The main parameters affecting the MAE extraction (time, temperature and volume of solvent) were optimised using statistical design of experiments (DoE). The matrix effect was also evaluated. Recoveries ranged from 72 to 109% and the limit of quantification (LoQ) was 32.5 pg m(-3) for chlorpyrifos, 13.5 pg m(-3) for fenhexamid, imazalil and prochloraz, and 6.5 pg m(-3) for the rest of pesticides, when air volumes of 760 m(3) were collected. The method was applied to 54 samples collected from three stations of the atmospheric monitoring network of the Regional Valencia Government (Spain) during April-July 2009. Nineteen out of 30 pesticides investigated were found in at least one sample: omethoate, carbendazim, acetamiprid, thiabendazole, malathion, flusilazole, metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, iprovalicarb, myclobutanil, tebuconazole, triflumizole, cyprodinil, tebufenpyrad, buprofezin, pyriproxyfen, hexythiazox, flufenoxuron and fenazaquin. The measured concentrations ranged from 6.5 to 1208 pg m(-3). To our knowledge, 11 of the pesticides detected have been reported for the first time in ambient air. SN - 1873-3778 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19913234/Multi_residue_analysis_of_30_currently_used_pesticides_in_fine_airborne_particulate_matter__PM_2_5__by_microwave_assisted_extraction_and_liquid_chromatography_tandem_mass_spectrometry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0021-9673(09)01538-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -