Repeat synthetic mid urethral sling procedure for women with recurrent stress urinary incontinence.J Urol. 2010 Jan; 183(1):241-6.JU
We reported and compared the outcomes of repeat mid urethral sling with primary mid urethral sling in women with stress urinary incontinence.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 1,225 consecutive women with urodynamic stress incontinence underwent a synthetic mid urethral sling procedure (955 retropubic, 270 transobturator) at our institution between 1999 and 2007. Of the patients 91% (1,112) were interviewed via telephone call with a structured questionnaire and were included in the analysis. Mean +/- SD followup was 50 +/- 24 months (range 12 to 114). A comparison between repeat (77, mean age 62 +/- 12 years) and primary (1,035, mean age 60 +/- 13 years) mid urethral sling groups was performed. Repeat sling was placed without removal of the previous sling.
The preoperative incidence of intrinsic sphincter deficiency was higher in patients who had a repeat mid urethral sling (31% vs 13%, p <0.001). The subjective stress incontinence cure rate was 86% and 62% in the primary and repeat group, respectively (p <0.001). The repeat retropubic approach was significantly more successful than the repeat transobturator approach (71% vs 48%, p = 0.04). The rates of sling related and general postoperative complications were similar between the primary and the repeat groups. However, de novo urgency (30% vs 14%, p <0.001) and de novo urge urinary incontinence (22% vs 5%, p <0.001) were more frequent in the repeat group compared with the primary group.
A repeat synthetic mid urethral sling procedure has a significantly lower cure rate than a primary mid urethral sling procedure. The repeat retropubic approach has a higher success rate than the repeat transobturator approach. The incidence of de novo urgency and urge incontinence are significantly higher in repeat procedures.