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Effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting behaviors: a meta-analytic review.
Clin Psychol Rev. 2010 Mar; 30(2):167-80.CP

Abstract

One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of depression is through its negative effects on parenting and the parent-child relationship. Although previous research indicates that depression is associated with parenting impairment for mothers, no quantitative synthesis of the empirical literature on the effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting has been conducted. The present meta-analysis examined the effects of paternal depression on fathers' positive and negative parenting behaviors. The mean effect sizes, computed using 40 independent effect sizes derived from 28 published and unpublished studies, indicated that paternal depression has significant, though small, effects on parenting, with depressed fathers demonstrating decreased positive and increased negative parenting behaviors. Several moderating effects were found, including child and father age, and sample race/ethnicity, and effects were comparable for studies that used self-report measures and observational methods to assess fathers' parenting behaviors. Moreover, effect sizes for the relationship between paternal depression and fathers' parenting behaviors were comparable to those found for mothers. The present findings indicate that paternal depression has a significant and deleterious effect on parenting behaviors by fathers, and speak to the importance of continuing to include fathers in research on child development and the family environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Northwestern University, Department of Psychology, 2029 Sheridan Rd, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. sylia-wilson@northwestern.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19926376

Citation

Wilson, Sylia, and C Emily Durbin. "Effects of Paternal Depression On Fathers' Parenting Behaviors: a Meta-analytic Review." Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 30, no. 2, 2010, pp. 167-80.
Wilson S, Durbin CE. Effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting behaviors: a meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(2):167-80.
Wilson, S., & Durbin, C. E. (2010). Effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting behaviors: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(2), 167-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2009.10.007
Wilson S, Durbin CE. Effects of Paternal Depression On Fathers' Parenting Behaviors: a Meta-analytic Review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(2):167-80. PubMed PMID: 19926376.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting behaviors: a meta-analytic review. AU - Wilson,Sylia, AU - Durbin,C Emily, Y1 - 2009/10/30/ PY - 2009/06/17/received PY - 2009/10/12/revised PY - 2009/10/23/accepted PY - 2009/11/21/entrez PY - 2009/11/21/pubmed PY - 2010/4/20/medline SP - 167 EP - 80 JF - Clinical psychology review JO - Clin Psychol Rev VL - 30 IS - 2 N2 - One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of depression is through its negative effects on parenting and the parent-child relationship. Although previous research indicates that depression is associated with parenting impairment for mothers, no quantitative synthesis of the empirical literature on the effects of paternal depression on fathers' parenting has been conducted. The present meta-analysis examined the effects of paternal depression on fathers' positive and negative parenting behaviors. The mean effect sizes, computed using 40 independent effect sizes derived from 28 published and unpublished studies, indicated that paternal depression has significant, though small, effects on parenting, with depressed fathers demonstrating decreased positive and increased negative parenting behaviors. Several moderating effects were found, including child and father age, and sample race/ethnicity, and effects were comparable for studies that used self-report measures and observational methods to assess fathers' parenting behaviors. Moreover, effect sizes for the relationship between paternal depression and fathers' parenting behaviors were comparable to those found for mothers. The present findings indicate that paternal depression has a significant and deleterious effect on parenting behaviors by fathers, and speak to the importance of continuing to include fathers in research on child development and the family environment. SN - 1873-7811 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19926376/Effects_of_paternal_depression_on_fathers'_parenting_behaviors:_a_meta_analytic_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272-7358(09)00143-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -