Amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide: fixed-dose combination in hypertension.Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2009; 9(6):411-8.AJ
Amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is a fixed-dose combination of the well established antihypertensive agents amlodipine (a calcium channel antagonist), valsartan (an angiotensin II receptor antagonist), and HCTZ (a thiazide diuretic). In patients with moderate or severe hypertension, triple combination therapy with amlodipine + valsartan + HCTZ produced significantly greater reductions from baseline in mean sitting systolic and diastolic BP (msSBP and msDBP) than either valsartan + HCTZ, amlodipine + HCTZ, or amlodipine + valsartan in a large, 8-week, randomized, double-blind, multinational, phase III trial. Furthermore, the proportion of patients achieving overall BP control at endpoint was significantly greater with the triple combination regimen than with any of the dual regimens, with significantly more triple combination recipients achieving msSBP and msDBP control at each assessment throughout the trial. Subgroup analyses of this study suggested that amlodipine + valsartan + HCTZ was generally more effective in reducing BP and providing overall BP control than the dual combination therapies, irrespective of age, race, gender, ethnicity, or hypertension severity. Several smaller studies provide data that support the efficacy of amlodipine + valsartan + HCTZ in patients whose BP is inadequately controlled with amlodipine + valsartan, amlodipine + HCTZ, or valsartan + HCTZ dual combination therapy. Treatment with amlodipine + valsartan + HCTZ for up to 8 weeks was generally well tolerated in the large, phase III trial, with most adverse events being transient and of mild to moderate severity.