Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Metabolic syndrome prevalence, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk profile among overweight and obese adults 18-50 years old from the United Arab Emirates.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2010 Feb; 8(1):39-46.MS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is among the highest worldwide, and metabolic syndrome predisposes to diabetes.

METHODS

We recruited 227 overweight/obese Emirati adults living in the city of Al-Ain, Emirati of Abu Dhabi to screen for the metabolic syndrome and to assess for the most relevant criteria for the metabolic syndrome in this population. We identified subjects as having the metabolic syndrome if they had three of the following characteristics: Waist circumference (WC) >88 cm in women and >102 cm in men; plasma glucose >5.5 mmol/L; blood pressure >130/85 mmHg, triglycerides (TG) >1.7 mmol/L, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) <1.0 mmol/L in men and <1.3 mmol/L in women. In addition to features of metabolic syndrome, lipoprotein subfractions and 24-hour dietary recalls were assessed in a random sample of participants.

RESULTS

A total of 92 subjects (40.5%) were classified as having metabolic syndrome. The most relevant clinical criteria associated with metabolic syndrome were large WC, high blood pressure, and low HDL-C. Only 7% of subjects had TG >1.7 mmol/L, whereas 95% had plasma LDL-C >2.6 mmol/L. In addition, subjects presented low concentrations of medium very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and small HDL subfractions in agreement with low concentrations of HDL-C and TG. Dietary analysis revealed high-energy consumption, with diets high in total carbohydrates, fat, and simple sugars. In addition, subjects were sedentary with only 14% of the population engaged in physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS

The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among overweight/obese Emirati adults predisposes this population to increased risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Public health involvement targeting poor dietary habits and exercise programs among Emirati citizens is urgently needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19929603

Citation

Al-Sarraj, Taif, et al. "Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence, Dietary Intake, and Cardiovascular Risk Profile Among Overweight and Obese Adults 18-50 Years Old From the United Arab Emirates." Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 8, no. 1, 2010, pp. 39-46.
Al-Sarraj T, Saadi H, Volek JS, et al. Metabolic syndrome prevalence, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk profile among overweight and obese adults 18-50 years old from the United Arab Emirates. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2010;8(1):39-46.
Al-Sarraj, T., Saadi, H., Volek, J. S., & Fernandez, M. L. (2010). Metabolic syndrome prevalence, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk profile among overweight and obese adults 18-50 years old from the United Arab Emirates. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 8(1), 39-46. https://doi.org/10.1089/met.2009.0035
Al-Sarraj T, et al. Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence, Dietary Intake, and Cardiovascular Risk Profile Among Overweight and Obese Adults 18-50 Years Old From the United Arab Emirates. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2010;8(1):39-46. PubMed PMID: 19929603.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Metabolic syndrome prevalence, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk profile among overweight and obese adults 18-50 years old from the United Arab Emirates. AU - Al-Sarraj,Taif, AU - Saadi,Hussein, AU - Volek,Jeff S, AU - Fernandez,Maria Luz, PY - 2009/11/26/entrez PY - 2009/11/26/pubmed PY - 2010/5/26/medline SP - 39 EP - 46 JF - Metabolic syndrome and related disorders JO - Metab Syndr Relat Disord VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is among the highest worldwide, and metabolic syndrome predisposes to diabetes. METHODS: We recruited 227 overweight/obese Emirati adults living in the city of Al-Ain, Emirati of Abu Dhabi to screen for the metabolic syndrome and to assess for the most relevant criteria for the metabolic syndrome in this population. We identified subjects as having the metabolic syndrome if they had three of the following characteristics: Waist circumference (WC) >88 cm in women and >102 cm in men; plasma glucose >5.5 mmol/L; blood pressure >130/85 mmHg, triglycerides (TG) >1.7 mmol/L, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) <1.0 mmol/L in men and <1.3 mmol/L in women. In addition to features of metabolic syndrome, lipoprotein subfractions and 24-hour dietary recalls were assessed in a random sample of participants. RESULTS: A total of 92 subjects (40.5%) were classified as having metabolic syndrome. The most relevant clinical criteria associated with metabolic syndrome were large WC, high blood pressure, and low HDL-C. Only 7% of subjects had TG >1.7 mmol/L, whereas 95% had plasma LDL-C >2.6 mmol/L. In addition, subjects presented low concentrations of medium very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and small HDL subfractions in agreement with low concentrations of HDL-C and TG. Dietary analysis revealed high-energy consumption, with diets high in total carbohydrates, fat, and simple sugars. In addition, subjects were sedentary with only 14% of the population engaged in physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among overweight/obese Emirati adults predisposes this population to increased risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Public health involvement targeting poor dietary habits and exercise programs among Emirati citizens is urgently needed. SN - 1557-8518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19929603/Metabolic_syndrome_prevalence_dietary_intake_and_cardiovascular_risk_profile_among_overweight_and_obese_adults_18_50_years_old_from_the_United_Arab_Emirates_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/met.2009.0035?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -