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Berries modify the postprandial plasma glucose response to sucrose in healthy subjects.
Br J Nutr 2010; 103(8):1094-7BJ

Abstract

Sucrose increases postprandial blood glucose concentrations, and diets with a high glycaemic response may be associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and CVD. Previous studies have suggested that polyphenols may influence carbohydrate digestion and absorption and thereby postprandial glycaemia. Berries are rich sources of various polyphenols and berry products are typically consumed with sucrose. We investigated the glycaemic effect of a berry purée made of bilberries, blackcurrants, cranberries and strawberries, and sweetened with sucrose, in comparison to sucrose with adjustment of available carbohydrates. A total of twelve healthy subjects (eleven women and one man, aged 25-69 years) with normal fasting plasma glucose ingested 150 g of the berry purée with 35 g sucrose or a control sucrose load in a randomised, controlled cross-over design. After consumption of the berry meal, the plasma glucose concentrations were significantly lower at 15 and 30 min (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively) and significantly higher at 150 min (P < 0.05) compared with the control meal. The peak glucose concentration was reached at 45 min after the berry meal and at 30 min after the control meal. The peak increase from the baseline was 1.0 mmol/l smaller (P = 0.002) after ingestion of the berry meal. There was no statistically significant difference in the 3 h area under the glucose response curve. These results show that berries rich in polyphenols decrease the postprandial glucose response of sucrose in healthy subjects. The delayed and attenuated glycaemic response indicates reduced digestion and/or absorption of sucrose from the berry meal.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19930765

Citation

Törrönen, Riitta, et al. "Berries Modify the Postprandial Plasma Glucose Response to Sucrose in Healthy Subjects." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 103, no. 8, 2010, pp. 1094-7.
Törrönen R, Sarkkinen E, Tapola N, et al. Berries modify the postprandial plasma glucose response to sucrose in healthy subjects. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(8):1094-7.
Törrönen, R., Sarkkinen, E., Tapola, N., Hautaniemi, E., Kilpi, K., & Niskanen, L. (2010). Berries modify the postprandial plasma glucose response to sucrose in healthy subjects. The British Journal of Nutrition, 103(8), pp. 1094-7. doi:10.1017/S0007114509992868.
Törrönen R, et al. Berries Modify the Postprandial Plasma Glucose Response to Sucrose in Healthy Subjects. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(8):1094-7. PubMed PMID: 19930765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Berries modify the postprandial plasma glucose response to sucrose in healthy subjects. AU - Törrönen,Riitta, AU - Sarkkinen,Essi, AU - Tapola,Niina, AU - Hautaniemi,Elina, AU - Kilpi,Kyllikki, AU - Niskanen,Leo, Y1 - 2009/11/24/ PY - 2009/11/26/entrez PY - 2009/11/26/pubmed PY - 2010/5/1/medline SP - 1094 EP - 7 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 103 IS - 8 N2 - Sucrose increases postprandial blood glucose concentrations, and diets with a high glycaemic response may be associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and CVD. Previous studies have suggested that polyphenols may influence carbohydrate digestion and absorption and thereby postprandial glycaemia. Berries are rich sources of various polyphenols and berry products are typically consumed with sucrose. We investigated the glycaemic effect of a berry purée made of bilberries, blackcurrants, cranberries and strawberries, and sweetened with sucrose, in comparison to sucrose with adjustment of available carbohydrates. A total of twelve healthy subjects (eleven women and one man, aged 25-69 years) with normal fasting plasma glucose ingested 150 g of the berry purée with 35 g sucrose or a control sucrose load in a randomised, controlled cross-over design. After consumption of the berry meal, the plasma glucose concentrations were significantly lower at 15 and 30 min (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively) and significantly higher at 150 min (P < 0.05) compared with the control meal. The peak glucose concentration was reached at 45 min after the berry meal and at 30 min after the control meal. The peak increase from the baseline was 1.0 mmol/l smaller (P = 0.002) after ingestion of the berry meal. There was no statistically significant difference in the 3 h area under the glucose response curve. These results show that berries rich in polyphenols decrease the postprandial glucose response of sucrose in healthy subjects. The delayed and attenuated glycaemic response indicates reduced digestion and/or absorption of sucrose from the berry meal. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19930765/Berries_modify_the_postprandial_plasma_glucose_response_to_sucrose_in_healthy_subjects_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114509992868/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -