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Nutrient profile of household food supplies of families with young children.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Dec; 109(12):2057-62.JA

Abstract

Currently, little is known about the home food environment. This cross-sectional study was designed to describe the food sources of calories and key nutrients in the households of 100 families with at least one child aged 12 years or younger and compare nutrient availability to recommended levels. Participating households were food secure, ate dinner at home at least three times weekly, had parents who were married or living as domestic partners and not employed in a health-related profession, and resided in New Jersey. Researchers visited each household once during 2006/2007 to inventory all foods except alcoholic beverages, commercial baby food, infant formula, pet foods, refrigerated leftovers, foods of minimal nutrient and calorie content, condiments typically consumed in small quantities per eating occasion, and bulk supplies of staples. Inventories were taken using commercial diet analysis software customized to use barcode scanners for foods with standard barcodes and keyword searches for foods lacking barcodes. Protein, carbohydrate, and fat in the households supplied an average of approximately 15%, 57%, and 29% of calories, respectively. Saturated fat and total sugar accounted for an average of approximately 10% and 20%, respectively, of calories. Mean nutrient adequacy ratio for nutrients recommended to be maximized (ie, vitamins A and C, protein, dietary fiber, iron, calcium) was less than optimal, and mean ratio for those recommended to be minimized (ie, total fat, cholesterol, sodium, and sugar) exceeded recommendations. Categorization by food group revealed that the greatest availability of calories, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, total sugar, sodium, and iron was from grains. The greatest availability of total fat, cholesterol, and protein was from meat/protein foods. Dairy products contained the greatest quantities of saturated fat and calcium. This study expands the limited research on the home food supply and provides insights that may have important implications for health-promotion interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 26 Nichol Ave, 220 Davison, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. bredbenner@aesop.rutgers.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19942024

Citation

Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol, et al. "Nutrient Profile of Household Food Supplies of Families With Young Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 12, 2009, pp. 2057-62.
Byrd-Bredbenner C, Abbot JM, Cussler E. Nutrient profile of household food supplies of families with young children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(12):2057-62.
Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Abbot, J. M., & Cussler, E. (2009). Nutrient profile of household food supplies of families with young children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(12), 2057-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2009.09.006
Byrd-Bredbenner C, Abbot JM, Cussler E. Nutrient Profile of Household Food Supplies of Families With Young Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(12):2057-62. PubMed PMID: 19942024.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient profile of household food supplies of families with young children. AU - Byrd-Bredbenner,Carol, AU - Abbot,Jaclyn Maurer, AU - Cussler,Ellen, PY - 2009/01/14/received PY - 2009/05/27/accepted PY - 2009/11/28/entrez PY - 2009/11/28/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 2057 EP - 62 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 109 IS - 12 N2 - Currently, little is known about the home food environment. This cross-sectional study was designed to describe the food sources of calories and key nutrients in the households of 100 families with at least one child aged 12 years or younger and compare nutrient availability to recommended levels. Participating households were food secure, ate dinner at home at least three times weekly, had parents who were married or living as domestic partners and not employed in a health-related profession, and resided in New Jersey. Researchers visited each household once during 2006/2007 to inventory all foods except alcoholic beverages, commercial baby food, infant formula, pet foods, refrigerated leftovers, foods of minimal nutrient and calorie content, condiments typically consumed in small quantities per eating occasion, and bulk supplies of staples. Inventories were taken using commercial diet analysis software customized to use barcode scanners for foods with standard barcodes and keyword searches for foods lacking barcodes. Protein, carbohydrate, and fat in the households supplied an average of approximately 15%, 57%, and 29% of calories, respectively. Saturated fat and total sugar accounted for an average of approximately 10% and 20%, respectively, of calories. Mean nutrient adequacy ratio for nutrients recommended to be maximized (ie, vitamins A and C, protein, dietary fiber, iron, calcium) was less than optimal, and mean ratio for those recommended to be minimized (ie, total fat, cholesterol, sodium, and sugar) exceeded recommendations. Categorization by food group revealed that the greatest availability of calories, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, total sugar, sodium, and iron was from grains. The greatest availability of total fat, cholesterol, and protein was from meat/protein foods. Dairy products contained the greatest quantities of saturated fat and calcium. This study expands the limited research on the home food supply and provides insights that may have important implications for health-promotion interventions. SN - 1878-3570 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19942024/Nutrient_profile_of_household_food_supplies_of_families_with_young_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(09)01554-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -