[The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) subtypes in Chinese HIV-1/HCV co-infected individuals].Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2009 Jul; 30(7):663-7.ZL
To better understand the prevalence and geographic distribution of genotypes/subtypes on HCV and the relationship between HCV genotypes/subtypes and HIV infection disease progression in the HIV-1/HCV co-infected individuals living in high HIV-1 prevalent areas in China.
186 plasma samples were collected from HIV-1 seropositive individuals infected through paid blood donors (PBD), injecting drug users(IDUs) or sexual contact, living in most severely affected provinces, Henan, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces. Samples with HCV viral load >1000 cop/ml were amplified by RT-nested PCR, sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed for genotyping/subtyping of HCV. HIV-1, HCV viral loads and CD4+ T lymphocytes were measured for all subjects.
(1) HCV were identified as 1a (1.7%), 1b (39.9%), 2a (17.9%), 3a (10.4%), 3b (15.6%), 6a (1.2%), 6n (6.4%), and a newly unclassified subtype (7.5%). HCV 2a and 1b subtypes predominated in PBD in Henan, 3a and 3b in IDUs in Xinjiang and Yunnan, and 6 genotype/subtypes in IDU in Yunnan. (2) There were no significant differences in CD4+ T cell counts among the different HCV subtypes. (3) The viral load of HCV RNA in 1b subtype was higher than that of non-1b subtype, however, no significant differences in HIV-1 viral loads and CD4+ T cell counts were found between 1b and non-lb subtype. Both HIV and HCV viral loads were lower in 2a than non-2a subtype.
The prevalence of HCV genotype/subtype in HIV-1/HCV co-infected individuals was associated with geographic areas and transmission routes. HCV subtypes had no direct correlation with HIV infection disease progression.