Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Hypertension and overweight among Turkish adolescents in a city in Aegean region of Turkey: a strong relationship in a population with a relatively low prevalence of overweight.
Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2009 Dec; 9(6):450-6.AK

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

A school-based survey was performed in 1346 adolescents aged 15-18 years to determine the relationship between "overweight" and hypertension among adolescents in a western city in Turkey with a low prevalence of "overweight".

METHODS

The data were collected by a self administered questionnaire. Weight and height of adolescents were measured. US CDC pediatric anthropometric reference data were used to establish the body mass index (BMI) percentile. "At risk of overweight" (BMI-for-age and sex >or=85th, and <95th percentile) and "overweight" (BMI-for-age and sex >or=95th percentile) were defined. Hypertension (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure that is >or=95th percentile for sex, age and height percentile) was defined according to the 4th Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents (2004). The Chi-square test, Chi-square test for trend and logistic regression models were used for analysis.

RESULTS

Overall, prevalence of "at risk of overweight" and "overweight" were found to be 10.7% and 3.2%, respectively. About 3.5% of the adolescents were hypertensive. After adjustment for sex and age, income, family history of hypertension, the factors positively associated with hypertension were "at risk for overweight" (Odds Ratio [OR] =5.09, 95% CI: 2.57-10.07) and "overweight" (OR=7.60, 95% CI: 2.90-19.89).

CONCLUSION

The results of this study confirm low hypertension risk among adolescents in Manisa, which may be attributed to the low prevalence of "overweight". The relatively low cardiovascular disease risk factor profile of these adolescents needs to be encouraged through adulthood. Thus, a school program of health promotion should be established to prevent the epidemics of cardiovascular diseases in our region.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Medical Faculty, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey. gonul.dinc@bayar.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19965314

Citation

Dinç, Gönül, et al. "Hypertension and Overweight Among Turkish Adolescents in a City in Aegean Region of Turkey: a Strong Relationship in a Population With a Relatively Low Prevalence of Overweight." Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi : AKD = the Anatolian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 9, no. 6, 2009, pp. 450-6.
Dinç G, Saatli G, Baydur H, et al. Hypertension and overweight among Turkish adolescents in a city in Aegean region of Turkey: a strong relationship in a population with a relatively low prevalence of overweight. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2009;9(6):450-6.
Dinç, G., Saatli, G., Baydur, H., & Ozcan, C. (2009). Hypertension and overweight among Turkish adolescents in a city in Aegean region of Turkey: a strong relationship in a population with a relatively low prevalence of overweight. Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi : AKD = the Anatolian Journal of Cardiology, 9(6), 450-6.
Dinç G, et al. Hypertension and Overweight Among Turkish Adolescents in a City in Aegean Region of Turkey: a Strong Relationship in a Population With a Relatively Low Prevalence of Overweight. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2009;9(6):450-6. PubMed PMID: 19965314.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hypertension and overweight among Turkish adolescents in a city in Aegean region of Turkey: a strong relationship in a population with a relatively low prevalence of overweight. AU - Dinç,Gönül, AU - Saatli,Gül, AU - Baydur,Hakan, AU - Ozcan,Cemil, PY - 2009/12/8/entrez PY - 2009/12/8/pubmed PY - 2010/2/25/medline SP - 450 EP - 6 JF - Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi : AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology JO - Anadolu Kardiyol Derg VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: A school-based survey was performed in 1346 adolescents aged 15-18 years to determine the relationship between "overweight" and hypertension among adolescents in a western city in Turkey with a low prevalence of "overweight". METHODS: The data were collected by a self administered questionnaire. Weight and height of adolescents were measured. US CDC pediatric anthropometric reference data were used to establish the body mass index (BMI) percentile. "At risk of overweight" (BMI-for-age and sex >or=85th, and <95th percentile) and "overweight" (BMI-for-age and sex >or=95th percentile) were defined. Hypertension (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure that is >or=95th percentile for sex, age and height percentile) was defined according to the 4th Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents (2004). The Chi-square test, Chi-square test for trend and logistic regression models were used for analysis. RESULTS: Overall, prevalence of "at risk of overweight" and "overweight" were found to be 10.7% and 3.2%, respectively. About 3.5% of the adolescents were hypertensive. After adjustment for sex and age, income, family history of hypertension, the factors positively associated with hypertension were "at risk for overweight" (Odds Ratio [OR] =5.09, 95% CI: 2.57-10.07) and "overweight" (OR=7.60, 95% CI: 2.90-19.89). CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirm low hypertension risk among adolescents in Manisa, which may be attributed to the low prevalence of "overweight". The relatively low cardiovascular disease risk factor profile of these adolescents needs to be encouraged through adulthood. Thus, a school program of health promotion should be established to prevent the epidemics of cardiovascular diseases in our region. SN - 1308-0032 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19965314/Hypertension_and_overweight_among_Turkish_adolescents_in_a_city_in_Aegean_region_of_Turkey:_a_strong_relationship_in_a_population_with_a_relatively_low_prevalence_of_overweight_ L2 - http://www.anatoljcardiol.com/linkout/?PMID=19965314 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -