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Association of n-3 long-chain PUFA and fish intake with depressive symptoms and low dispositional optimism in older subjects with a history of myocardial infarction.
Br J Nutr. 2010 May; 103(9):1381-7.BJ

Abstract

Individuals with CHD are at increased risk of poor mental well-being. Dietary intake of EPA and DHA, the main n-3 fatty acids from fish, may be beneficial to mental well-being. We examined the association of EPA+DHA and fish intake with mental well-being in 644 participants, aged 60-80 years, with a history of myocardial infarction. Habitual food intake was assessed with a 203-item FFQ. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the self-report geriatric depression scale, and dispositional optimism was assessed with the revised life orientation test (LOT-R) and a four-item questionnaire (4Q). In Cox-regression models modified for cross-sectional analyses, we adjusted for sex, age, energy intake, BMI, family history of depression, education, marital status, smoking, physical activity and intake of saturated fat, alcohol and fibre. Compared with the lower tertile, subjects in the higher tertile of EPA+DHA intake had a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms, but this association was not statistically significant (prevalence ratio (PR) 0.78; 95 % CI 0.50, 1.22, P-trend 0.27). The higher tertile of EPA+DHA intake was positively associated with dispositional optimism measured with the 4Q (PR 0.69; 95 % CI 0.46, 1.03, P-trend 0.05), but not according to the LOT-R. Fish intake was not related to either depressive symptoms or dispositional optimism. In conclusion, intake of EPA+DHA was positively associated with dispositional optimism assessed with the 4Q, but not with optimism assessed with the LOT-R or with depressive symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. ondine.vanderest@wur.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19968890

Citation

van de Rest, Ondine, et al. "Association of N-3 Long-chain PUFA and Fish Intake With Depressive Symptoms and Low Dispositional Optimism in Older Subjects With a History of Myocardial Infarction." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 103, no. 9, 2010, pp. 1381-7.
van de Rest O, de Goede J, Sytsma F, et al. Association of n-3 long-chain PUFA and fish intake with depressive symptoms and low dispositional optimism in older subjects with a history of myocardial infarction. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(9):1381-7.
van de Rest, O., de Goede, J., Sytsma, F., Oude Griep, L. M., Geleijnse, J. M., Kromhout, D., & Giltay, E. J. (2010). Association of n-3 long-chain PUFA and fish intake with depressive symptoms and low dispositional optimism in older subjects with a history of myocardial infarction. The British Journal of Nutrition, 103(9), 1381-7. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114509993308
van de Rest O, et al. Association of N-3 Long-chain PUFA and Fish Intake With Depressive Symptoms and Low Dispositional Optimism in Older Subjects With a History of Myocardial Infarction. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(9):1381-7. PubMed PMID: 19968890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of n-3 long-chain PUFA and fish intake with depressive symptoms and low dispositional optimism in older subjects with a history of myocardial infarction. AU - van de Rest,Ondine, AU - de Goede,Janette, AU - Sytsma,Femke, AU - Oude Griep,Linda M, AU - Geleijnse,Johanna M, AU - Kromhout,Daan, AU - Giltay,Erik J, Y1 - 2009/12/08/ PY - 2009/12/9/entrez PY - 2009/12/9/pubmed PY - 2010/5/26/medline SP - 1381 EP - 7 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 103 IS - 9 N2 - Individuals with CHD are at increased risk of poor mental well-being. Dietary intake of EPA and DHA, the main n-3 fatty acids from fish, may be beneficial to mental well-being. We examined the association of EPA+DHA and fish intake with mental well-being in 644 participants, aged 60-80 years, with a history of myocardial infarction. Habitual food intake was assessed with a 203-item FFQ. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the self-report geriatric depression scale, and dispositional optimism was assessed with the revised life orientation test (LOT-R) and a four-item questionnaire (4Q). In Cox-regression models modified for cross-sectional analyses, we adjusted for sex, age, energy intake, BMI, family history of depression, education, marital status, smoking, physical activity and intake of saturated fat, alcohol and fibre. Compared with the lower tertile, subjects in the higher tertile of EPA+DHA intake had a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms, but this association was not statistically significant (prevalence ratio (PR) 0.78; 95 % CI 0.50, 1.22, P-trend 0.27). The higher tertile of EPA+DHA intake was positively associated with dispositional optimism measured with the 4Q (PR 0.69; 95 % CI 0.46, 1.03, P-trend 0.05), but not according to the LOT-R. Fish intake was not related to either depressive symptoms or dispositional optimism. In conclusion, intake of EPA+DHA was positively associated with dispositional optimism assessed with the 4Q, but not with optimism assessed with the LOT-R or with depressive symptoms. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19968890/Association_of_n_3_long_chain_PUFA_and_fish_intake_with_depressive_symptoms_and_low_dispositional_optimism_in_older_subjects_with_a_history_of_myocardial_infarction_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114509993308/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -