Lipid accumulation and nutrient removal properties of a newly isolated freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus sp. LX1, growing in secondary effluent.N Biotechnol. 2010 Feb 28; 27(1):59-63.NB
Coupling of biodiesel production and wastewater treatment based on microalgae is a promising approach for handling the energy crisis of declining fossil fuel reserves. A freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus sp. LX1, isolated in a previous study, was tested for its ability to remove nutrients and accumulate lipid while growing in secondary effluent. Compared with 11 other species of high-lipid content microalgae obtained from the algae bank, Scenedesmus sp. LX1 adapted better to secondary effluent and achieved the highest biomass (0.11 gL(-1), dry weight) and lipid content (31-33%, dry weight). In secondary effluent, the specific growth rate (r) and maximum population growth rate (R(max)) of Scenedesmus sp. LX1 was 0.2 day(-1) and 0.23 x 10(6)cells (mL day)(-1), respectively, and inorganic nutrients could be efficiently removed by over 98% in 10 days. Upon a trigger of nitrogen deficiency on day 10, lipid content increased from 14% to 31%, and the highest lipid accumulation rate during cultivation was 0.008g(L day)(-1).