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Effect of pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009; 90(12):1983-8AP

Abstract

Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, Gunay B. Effect of Pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the effects of Pilates on pain, functional status, and quality of life in fibromyalgia, which is known to be a chronic musculoskeletal disorder.

DESIGN

Randomized, prospective, controlled, and single-blind trial.

SETTING

Physical medicine and rehabilitation department.

PARTICIPANTS

Women (N=50) who had a diagnosis of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria.

INTERVENTION

The participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups. In group 1, a Pilates exercise program of 1 hour was given by a certified trainer to 25 participants 3 times a week for 12 weeks. In group 2, which was designed as the control group, 25 participants were given a home exercise (relaxation/stretching) program. In both groups, pre- (week 0) and posttreatment (week 12 and week 24) evaluation was performed by one of the authors, who was blind to the group allocation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Primary outcome measures were pain (visual analog scale) and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Exploratory outcome measures were number of tender points, algometric score, chair test, and Nottingham Health Profile.

RESULTS

Twenty-five Pilates exercise and 24 relaxation/stretching exercise participants completed the study. In group 1, significant improvement was observed in both pain and FIQ at week 12 but only in FIQ at 24 weeks. In group 2, no significant improvement was obtained in pain and FIQ at week 12 and week 24. Comparison of the 2 groups showed significantly superior improvement in pain and FIQ in group 1 at week 12 but no difference between the 2 groups at week 24.

CONCLUSIONS

We suggest Pilates as an effective and safe method for people with FMS. Our study is the first clinical study designed to investigate the role of the Pilates method in FMS treatment. We believe that further research with more participants and longer follow-up periods could help assess the therapeutic value of this popular physical exercise method.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Uludag, Bursa, Turkey. lalealtan@uludag.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19969158

Citation

Altan, Lale, et al. "Effect of Pilates Training On People With Fibromyalgia Syndrome: a Pilot Study." Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 12, 2009, pp. 1983-8.
Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, et al. Effect of pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90(12):1983-8.
Altan, L., Korkmaz, N., Bingol, U., & Gunay, B. (2009). Effect of pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(12), pp. 1983-8. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2009.06.021.
Altan L, et al. Effect of Pilates Training On People With Fibromyalgia Syndrome: a Pilot Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90(12):1983-8. PubMed PMID: 19969158.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. AU - Altan,Lale, AU - Korkmaz,Nimet, AU - Bingol,Umit, AU - Gunay,Berna, PY - 2009/02/05/received PY - 2009/05/29/revised PY - 2009/06/05/accepted PY - 2009/12/9/entrez PY - 2009/12/9/pubmed PY - 2010/1/27/medline SP - 1983 EP - 8 JF - Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation JO - Arch Phys Med Rehabil VL - 90 IS - 12 N2 - UNLABELLED: Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, Gunay B. Effect of Pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Pilates on pain, functional status, and quality of life in fibromyalgia, which is known to be a chronic musculoskeletal disorder. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled, and single-blind trial. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation department. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N=50) who had a diagnosis of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria. INTERVENTION: The participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups. In group 1, a Pilates exercise program of 1 hour was given by a certified trainer to 25 participants 3 times a week for 12 weeks. In group 2, which was designed as the control group, 25 participants were given a home exercise (relaxation/stretching) program. In both groups, pre- (week 0) and posttreatment (week 12 and week 24) evaluation was performed by one of the authors, who was blind to the group allocation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures were pain (visual analog scale) and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Exploratory outcome measures were number of tender points, algometric score, chair test, and Nottingham Health Profile. RESULTS: Twenty-five Pilates exercise and 24 relaxation/stretching exercise participants completed the study. In group 1, significant improvement was observed in both pain and FIQ at week 12 but only in FIQ at 24 weeks. In group 2, no significant improvement was obtained in pain and FIQ at week 12 and week 24. Comparison of the 2 groups showed significantly superior improvement in pain and FIQ in group 1 at week 12 but no difference between the 2 groups at week 24. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest Pilates as an effective and safe method for people with FMS. Our study is the first clinical study designed to investigate the role of the Pilates method in FMS treatment. We believe that further research with more participants and longer follow-up periods could help assess the therapeutic value of this popular physical exercise method. SN - 1532-821X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19969158/Effect_of_pilates_training_on_people_with_fibromyalgia_syndrome:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-9993(09)00687-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -