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Emotional reactions to standardized stimuli in women with borderline personality disorder: stronger negative affect, but no differences in reactivity.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009 Nov; 197(11):808-15.JN

Abstract

Emotional dysregulation is hypothesized to be a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this study, we investigated the course of emotions in response to standardized emotion inductions in BPD. A total of 26 female BPD patients, 28 matched healthy control subjects, and 15 female patients with major depressive disorder listened to short stories inducing an angry, joyful, or neutral mood. Before and immediately after each story as well as 3 and 6 minutes later, participants rated their current anger, joy, anxiety, shame, and sadness. All 3 groups showed the same increase and decrease of emotions. However, strong group differences in the general level of all negative emotions occurred. While sadness was stronger both in BPD and major depressive disorder as compared with healthy controls, all other negative emotions were significantly increased in BPD only independent of comorbid depression. Extreme negative affectivity may be a more appropriate description of BPD-related emotional problems than emotional hyperreactivity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany. gitta.jacob@uniklinik-freiburg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19996718

Citation

Jacob, Gitta A., et al. "Emotional Reactions to Standardized Stimuli in Women With Borderline Personality Disorder: Stronger Negative Affect, but No Differences in Reactivity." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 197, no. 11, 2009, pp. 808-15.
Jacob GA, Hellstern K, Ower N, et al. Emotional reactions to standardized stimuli in women with borderline personality disorder: stronger negative affect, but no differences in reactivity. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(11):808-15.
Jacob, G. A., Hellstern, K., Ower, N., Pillmann, M., Scheel, C. N., Rüsch, N., & Lieb, K. (2009). Emotional reactions to standardized stimuli in women with borderline personality disorder: stronger negative affect, but no differences in reactivity. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197(11), 808-15. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181bea44d
Jacob GA, et al. Emotional Reactions to Standardized Stimuli in Women With Borderline Personality Disorder: Stronger Negative Affect, but No Differences in Reactivity. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(11):808-15. PubMed PMID: 19996718.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional reactions to standardized stimuli in women with borderline personality disorder: stronger negative affect, but no differences in reactivity. AU - Jacob,Gitta A, AU - Hellstern,Kathrin, AU - Ower,Nicole, AU - Pillmann,Mona, AU - Scheel,Corinna N, AU - Rüsch,Nicolas, AU - Lieb,Klaus, PY - 2009/12/10/entrez PY - 2009/12/10/pubmed PY - 2009/12/29/medline SP - 808 EP - 15 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 197 IS - 11 N2 - Emotional dysregulation is hypothesized to be a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this study, we investigated the course of emotions in response to standardized emotion inductions in BPD. A total of 26 female BPD patients, 28 matched healthy control subjects, and 15 female patients with major depressive disorder listened to short stories inducing an angry, joyful, or neutral mood. Before and immediately after each story as well as 3 and 6 minutes later, participants rated their current anger, joy, anxiety, shame, and sadness. All 3 groups showed the same increase and decrease of emotions. However, strong group differences in the general level of all negative emotions occurred. While sadness was stronger both in BPD and major depressive disorder as compared with healthy controls, all other negative emotions were significantly increased in BPD only independent of comorbid depression. Extreme negative affectivity may be a more appropriate description of BPD-related emotional problems than emotional hyperreactivity. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19996718/Emotional_reactions_to_standardized_stimuli_in_women_with_borderline_personality_disorder:_stronger_negative_affect_but_no_differences_in_reactivity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181bea44d DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -