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The "shoulds" and "should nots" of moral emotions: a self-regulatory perspective on shame and guilt.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010 Feb; 36(2):213-24.PS

Abstract

A self-regulatory framework for distinguishing between shame and guilt was tested in three studies. Recently, two forms of moral regulation based on approach versus avoidance motivation have been proposed in the literature. Proscriptive regulation is sensitive to negative outcomes, inhibition based, and focused on what we should not do. Prescriptive regulation is sensitive to positive outcomes, activation based, and focused on what we should do. In the current research, consistent support was found for shame's proscriptive and guilt's prescriptive moral underpinnings. Study 1 found a positive association between avoidance orientation and shame proneness and between approach orientation and guilt proneness. In Study 2, priming a proscriptive orientation increased shame and priming a prescriptive orientation increased guilt. In Study 3, transgressions most apt to represent proscriptive and prescriptive violations predicted subsequent judgments of shame and guilt, respectively. This self-regulatory perspective provides a broad interpretive framework for understanding and extending past research findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA. ssheikh@psych.umass.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20008966

Citation

Sheikh, Sana, and Ronnie Janoff-Bulman. "The "shoulds" and "should Nots" of Moral Emotions: a Self-regulatory Perspective On Shame and Guilt." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 2, 2010, pp. 213-24.
Sheikh S, Janoff-Bulman R. The "shoulds" and "should nots" of moral emotions: a self-regulatory perspective on shame and guilt. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36(2):213-24.
Sheikh, S., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (2010). The "shoulds" and "should nots" of moral emotions: a self-regulatory perspective on shame and guilt. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(2), 213-24. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167209356788
Sheikh S, Janoff-Bulman R. The "shoulds" and "should Nots" of Moral Emotions: a Self-regulatory Perspective On Shame and Guilt. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36(2):213-24. PubMed PMID: 20008966.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The "shoulds" and "should nots" of moral emotions: a self-regulatory perspective on shame and guilt. AU - Sheikh,Sana, AU - Janoff-Bulman,Ronnie, Y1 - 2009/12/15/ PY - 2009/12/17/entrez PY - 2009/12/17/pubmed PY - 2010/4/7/medline SP - 213 EP - 24 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 36 IS - 2 N2 - A self-regulatory framework for distinguishing between shame and guilt was tested in three studies. Recently, two forms of moral regulation based on approach versus avoidance motivation have been proposed in the literature. Proscriptive regulation is sensitive to negative outcomes, inhibition based, and focused on what we should not do. Prescriptive regulation is sensitive to positive outcomes, activation based, and focused on what we should do. In the current research, consistent support was found for shame's proscriptive and guilt's prescriptive moral underpinnings. Study 1 found a positive association between avoidance orientation and shame proneness and between approach orientation and guilt proneness. In Study 2, priming a proscriptive orientation increased shame and priming a prescriptive orientation increased guilt. In Study 3, transgressions most apt to represent proscriptive and prescriptive violations predicted subsequent judgments of shame and guilt, respectively. This self-regulatory perspective provides a broad interpretive framework for understanding and extending past research findings. SN - 1552-7433 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20008966/The_"shoulds"_and_"should_nots"_of_moral_emotions:_a_self_regulatory_perspective_on_shame_and_guilt_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -