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Initiating moderate to heavy alcohol use predicts changes in neuropsychological functioning for adolescent girls and boys.
Psychol Addict Behav. 2009 Dec; 23(4):715-22.PA

Abstract

This study prospectively examines the influence of alcohol on neuropsychological functioning in boys and girls characterized prior to initiating drinking (N = 76, ages 12-14). Adolescents who transitioned into heavy (n = 25; 11 girls, 14 boys) or moderate (n = 11; 2 girls, 9 boys) drinking were compared with matched controls who remained nonusers throughout the approximately 3-year follow-up period (N = 40; 16 girls, 24 boys). For girls, more past year drinking days predicted a greater reduction in visuospatial task performance from baseline to follow-up, above and beyond performance on equivalent measures at baseline (R2Delta = 10%, p < .05), particularly on tests of visuospatial memory (R2Delta = 8%, p < .05). For boys, a tendency was seen for more past year hangover symptoms to predict worsened sustained attention (R2Delta = 7%, p < .05). These preliminary longitudinal findings suggest that initiating moderately heavy alcohol use and incurring hangover during adolescence may adversely influence neurocognitive functioning. Neurocognitive deficits linked to heavy drinking during this critical developmental period may lead to direct and indirect changes in neuromaturational course, with effects that would extend into adulthood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

San Diego State University/University of San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology and VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20025379

Citation

Squeglia, Lindsay M., et al. "Initiating Moderate to Heavy Alcohol Use Predicts Changes in Neuropsychological Functioning for Adolescent Girls and Boys." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 23, no. 4, 2009, pp. 715-22.
Squeglia LM, Spadoni AD, Infante MA, et al. Initiating moderate to heavy alcohol use predicts changes in neuropsychological functioning for adolescent girls and boys. Psychol Addict Behav. 2009;23(4):715-22.
Squeglia, L. M., Spadoni, A. D., Infante, M. A., Myers, M. G., & Tapert, S. F. (2009). Initiating moderate to heavy alcohol use predicts changes in neuropsychological functioning for adolescent girls and boys. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 23(4), 715-22. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016516
Squeglia LM, et al. Initiating Moderate to Heavy Alcohol Use Predicts Changes in Neuropsychological Functioning for Adolescent Girls and Boys. Psychol Addict Behav. 2009;23(4):715-22. PubMed PMID: 20025379.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Initiating moderate to heavy alcohol use predicts changes in neuropsychological functioning for adolescent girls and boys. AU - Squeglia,Lindsay M, AU - Spadoni,Andrea D, AU - Infante,M Alejandra, AU - Myers,Mark G, AU - Tapert,Susan F, PY - 2009/12/23/entrez PY - 2009/12/23/pubmed PY - 2010/3/3/medline SP - 715 EP - 22 JF - Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors JO - Psychol Addict Behav VL - 23 IS - 4 N2 - This study prospectively examines the influence of alcohol on neuropsychological functioning in boys and girls characterized prior to initiating drinking (N = 76, ages 12-14). Adolescents who transitioned into heavy (n = 25; 11 girls, 14 boys) or moderate (n = 11; 2 girls, 9 boys) drinking were compared with matched controls who remained nonusers throughout the approximately 3-year follow-up period (N = 40; 16 girls, 24 boys). For girls, more past year drinking days predicted a greater reduction in visuospatial task performance from baseline to follow-up, above and beyond performance on equivalent measures at baseline (R2Delta = 10%, p < .05), particularly on tests of visuospatial memory (R2Delta = 8%, p < .05). For boys, a tendency was seen for more past year hangover symptoms to predict worsened sustained attention (R2Delta = 7%, p < .05). These preliminary longitudinal findings suggest that initiating moderately heavy alcohol use and incurring hangover during adolescence may adversely influence neurocognitive functioning. Neurocognitive deficits linked to heavy drinking during this critical developmental period may lead to direct and indirect changes in neuromaturational course, with effects that would extend into adulthood. SN - 1939-1501 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20025379/Initiating_moderate_to_heavy_alcohol_use_predicts_changes_in_neuropsychological_functioning_for_adolescent_girls_and_boys_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/adb/23/4/715 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -