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To stretch or not to stretch: the role of stretching in injury prevention and performance.
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010 Apr; 20(2):169-81.SJ

Abstract

Stretching is commonly practiced before sports participation; however, effects on subsequent performance and injury prevention are not well understood. There is an abundance of literature demonstrating that a single bout of stretching acutely impairs muscle strength, with a lesser effect on power. The extent to which these effects are apparent when stretching is combined with other aspects of a pre-participation warm-up, such as practice drills and low intensity dynamic exercises, is not known. With respect to the effect of pre-participation stretching on injury prevention a limited number of studies of varying quality have shown mixed results. A general consensus is that stretching in addition to warm-up does not affect the incidence of overuse injuries. There is evidence that pre-participation stretching reduces the incidence of muscle strains but there is clearly a need for further work. Future prospective randomized studies should use stretching interventions that are effective at decreasing passive resistance to stretch and assess effects on subsequent injury incidence in sports with a high prevalence of muscle strains.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New York 10075, USA. mchugh@nismat.orgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20030776

Citation

McHugh, M P., and C H. Cosgrave. "To Stretch or Not to Stretch: the Role of Stretching in Injury Prevention and Performance." Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, no. 2, 2010, pp. 169-81.
McHugh MP, Cosgrave CH. To stretch or not to stretch: the role of stretching in injury prevention and performance. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010;20(2):169-81.
McHugh, M. P., & Cosgrave, C. H. (2010). To stretch or not to stretch: the role of stretching in injury prevention and performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(2), 169-81. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01058.x
McHugh MP, Cosgrave CH. To Stretch or Not to Stretch: the Role of Stretching in Injury Prevention and Performance. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010;20(2):169-81. PubMed PMID: 20030776.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - To stretch or not to stretch: the role of stretching in injury prevention and performance. AU - McHugh,M P, AU - Cosgrave,C H, Y1 - 2009/12/18/ PY - 2009/12/25/entrez PY - 2009/12/25/pubmed PY - 2010/7/16/medline SP - 169 EP - 81 JF - Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports JO - Scand J Med Sci Sports VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - Stretching is commonly practiced before sports participation; however, effects on subsequent performance and injury prevention are not well understood. There is an abundance of literature demonstrating that a single bout of stretching acutely impairs muscle strength, with a lesser effect on power. The extent to which these effects are apparent when stretching is combined with other aspects of a pre-participation warm-up, such as practice drills and low intensity dynamic exercises, is not known. With respect to the effect of pre-participation stretching on injury prevention a limited number of studies of varying quality have shown mixed results. A general consensus is that stretching in addition to warm-up does not affect the incidence of overuse injuries. There is evidence that pre-participation stretching reduces the incidence of muscle strains but there is clearly a need for further work. Future prospective randomized studies should use stretching interventions that are effective at decreasing passive resistance to stretch and assess effects on subsequent injury incidence in sports with a high prevalence of muscle strains. SN - 1600-0838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20030776/To_stretch_or_not_to_stretch:_the_role_of_stretching_in_injury_prevention_and_performance_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01058.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -