Long-term paclitaxel-eluting stent outcomes in elderly patients.Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 Jun; 2(3):178-87.CC
Although drug-eluting stents have become a mainstay of percutaneous coronary intervention, information about drug-eluting stents outcomes in elderly patients is limited. Data from the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) trials and registries were pooled to assess PES benefits relative to advancing patient age, including comparison with bare-metal stents.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Data from 5 randomized trials (2271 patients with PES, 1397 patients with bare-metal stents) and from 2 postmarket registries (7492 patients with PES) were pooled separately. Each dataset was stratified into age groups: <60, 60 to 70, and >70 years. At baseline, patients aged >70 years in both datasets had significantly more adverse characteristics than younger patients. Through 5 years, trial data showed that patients aged >70 years had higher death rates, but comparable rates of myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization with younger patients. Compared with patients with bare-metal stents, patients with PES aged >70 years had comparable rates of death, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis but a significantly lower target lesion revascularization rate (22.2 versus 10.2, P<0.001). These findings were echoed in the registry data through 2 years that showed that PES patients aged >70 years had significantly higher death rates, but lower myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization rates, compared with younger patients. Although the mortality rates of patients aged >70 years were higher than those of younger patients, they were comparable with those of age- and gender-matched norms in the general population.
This analysis of almost 10 000 patients demonstrated that percutaneous coronary intervention with PES is a safe and an effective treatment option that should not be withheld based on age.