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Character disposition and behavior type: influences of valence on preschool children's social judgments.
J Genet Psychol. 2009 Dec; 170(4):310-25.JG

Abstract

The authors studied the influences of valence information on preschool children's (n = 47) moral (good or bad), liking (liked or disliked by a friend), and consequence-of-behavior (reward or punishment) judgments. The authors presented 8 scenarios describing the behavior valence, positive valence (help, share), negative valence (verbal insult, physical aggression), and disposition valence (nice or mean) of characters in social interaction with a friend. Overall, character disposition and behavior valence significantly influenced children's judgments. Moral, liking, and consequence-of-behavior judgments varied significantly by character disposition for both positive behavior scenarios. In contrast, there were fewer significant findings as a function of character disposition for negative behavior scenarios, suggesting that the negative behavior cue somewhat diminished the effect of character disposition on children's judgments. The authors discuss preschool students' coordination of information about valence of behavior and character disposition and the students' reluctance to judge that misbehavior warrants punitive consequence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Arcadia University, Psychology Department, Glenside, PA 19038, USA. jonese@arcadia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20034187

Citation

Jones, Elaine F., et al. "Character Disposition and Behavior Type: Influences of Valence On Preschool Children's Social Judgments." The Journal of Genetic Psychology, vol. 170, no. 4, 2009, pp. 310-25.
Jones EF, Tobias M, Pauley D, et al. Character disposition and behavior type: influences of valence on preschool children's social judgments. J Genet Psychol. 2009;170(4):310-25.
Jones, E. F., Tobias, M., Pauley, D., Thomson, N. R., & Johnson, S. L. (2009). Character disposition and behavior type: influences of valence on preschool children's social judgments. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 170(4), 310-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221320903218349
Jones EF, et al. Character Disposition and Behavior Type: Influences of Valence On Preschool Children's Social Judgments. J Genet Psychol. 2009;170(4):310-25. PubMed PMID: 20034187.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Character disposition and behavior type: influences of valence on preschool children's social judgments. AU - Jones,Elaine F, AU - Tobias,Marvin, AU - Pauley,Danielle, AU - Thomson,Nicole Renick, AU - Johnson,Shawana Lewis, PY - 2009/12/26/entrez PY - 2009/12/26/pubmed PY - 2010/2/2/medline SP - 310 EP - 25 JF - The Journal of genetic psychology JO - J Genet Psychol VL - 170 IS - 4 N2 - The authors studied the influences of valence information on preschool children's (n = 47) moral (good or bad), liking (liked or disliked by a friend), and consequence-of-behavior (reward or punishment) judgments. The authors presented 8 scenarios describing the behavior valence, positive valence (help, share), negative valence (verbal insult, physical aggression), and disposition valence (nice or mean) of characters in social interaction with a friend. Overall, character disposition and behavior valence significantly influenced children's judgments. Moral, liking, and consequence-of-behavior judgments varied significantly by character disposition for both positive behavior scenarios. In contrast, there were fewer significant findings as a function of character disposition for negative behavior scenarios, suggesting that the negative behavior cue somewhat diminished the effect of character disposition on children's judgments. The authors discuss preschool students' coordination of information about valence of behavior and character disposition and the students' reluctance to judge that misbehavior warrants punitive consequence. SN - 0022-1325 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20034187/Character_disposition_and_behavior_type:_influences_of_valence_on_preschool_children's_social_judgments_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00221320903218349 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -