Disruption of the photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment layer on spectral domain-optical coherence tomography is a predictor of poor visual acuity in patients with epiretinal membranes.Retina. 2010 May; 30(5):713-8.R
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of spectral domain-optical coherence tomography-determined integrity of the photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) junction on visual acuity in patients with epiretinal membranes (ERMs).
This is a retrospective consecutive case series of 54 eyes from 48 patients with primary ERMs who underwent spectral domain-optical coherence tomography scans. Regression analysis was used to calculate the relative contribution of several variables, including photoreceptor IS/OS disruption, grade of IS/OS disruption, macular thickness, and ERM grade on fundus imaging to visual acuity.
The strongest individual predictor of visual acuity among patients with ERM was central retinal thickness on spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (r(2) = 0.16, P = 0.0024), but the most efficient model was the combination of macular thickness and presence or absence of photoreceptor IS/OS disruption (r(2) = 0.24, P = 0.0008). Additional measured variables did not significantly contribute to visual acuity prediction. Inner segment/outer segment layer integrity was also an independent predictor of visual acuity, and patients with IS/OS disruption were 6.88 times as likely to have 20/50 or worse vision than patients with intact photoreceptor layers (odds ratio: 6.88, confidence interval: 1.56-30.43, P = 0.01).
Disruption of the photoreceptor IS/OS junction is a statistically significant predictor of poor visual acuity among patients with ERM and is most useful when combined with central retinal thickness measurement.