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Anaemia, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in central Sudan.
Biol Trace Elem Res 2010; 137(3):255-61BT

Abstract

Anaemia is a widespread problem in many parts of the world especially in tropic areas. Among pregnant women, it has negative consequences on maternal and perinatal outcomes. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of anaemia, iron, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in Wad Medani hospital, central Sudan and to examine the relationship of these micronutrients with haemoglobin (Hb) levels. One hundred four (52.5%) out of 200 pregnant women had anaemia (Hb < 11 gm/dl) and 3 (1.5) % had severe anaemia (Hb < 7 gm/dl). Iron deficiency (S-ferritin < 15 µg/l), iron deficiency anaemia (<11 gm/dl and S-ferritin < 15 µg/l) were prevalent in 25 (12.5%) and 13 (6.5%) of these women, respectively. Ninety (45.0%) and eight (4.0%) of these women had zinc (<80 µg/ml) and copper (<80 µg/ml) deficiency, respectively. In 24 (12.0%) of these women, there were ≥2 deficiencies of these elements. S-copper was not [corrected] significantly lower in patients with anaemia. While age, parity, gestational age, ferritin, zinc and copper were not predictors for anaemia, women who practiced pica were at higher risk for anaemia (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.4-7.9, P = 0.004). Gestational age was significantly inversely correlated with haemoglobin (r = 0.161, P = 0.03), S-ferritin (r = 0.285, P = 0.001) and S-zinc (r = 0.166, P = 0.02). Thus, dietary and supplement interventions are required to prevent and control anaemia in this setting. Further research is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Khartoum, Sudan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20039147

Citation

Bushra, Mohamed, et al. "Anaemia, Zinc and Copper Deficiencies Among Pregnant Women in Central Sudan." Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 137, no. 3, 2010, pp. 255-61.
Bushra M, Elhassan EM, Ali NI, et al. Anaemia, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in central Sudan. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2010;137(3):255-61.
Bushra, M., Elhassan, E. M., Ali, N. I., Osman, E., Bakheit, K. H., & Adam, I. I. (2010). Anaemia, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in central Sudan. Biological Trace Element Research, 137(3), pp. 255-61. doi:10.1007/s12011-009-8586-4.
Bushra M, et al. Anaemia, Zinc and Copper Deficiencies Among Pregnant Women in Central Sudan. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2010;137(3):255-61. PubMed PMID: 20039147.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anaemia, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in central Sudan. AU - Bushra,Mohamed, AU - Elhassan,Elhassan M, AU - Ali,Naji I, AU - Osman,Elfatih, AU - Bakheit,Khalid H, AU - Adam,Ishag I, Y1 - 2009/12/29/ PY - 2009/10/06/received PY - 2009/12/07/accepted PY - 2009/12/30/entrez PY - 2009/12/30/pubmed PY - 2011/2/1/medline SP - 255 EP - 61 JF - Biological trace element research JO - Biol Trace Elem Res VL - 137 IS - 3 N2 - Anaemia is a widespread problem in many parts of the world especially in tropic areas. Among pregnant women, it has negative consequences on maternal and perinatal outcomes. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of anaemia, iron, zinc and copper deficiencies among pregnant women in Wad Medani hospital, central Sudan and to examine the relationship of these micronutrients with haemoglobin (Hb) levels. One hundred four (52.5%) out of 200 pregnant women had anaemia (Hb < 11 gm/dl) and 3 (1.5) % had severe anaemia (Hb < 7 gm/dl). Iron deficiency (S-ferritin < 15 µg/l), iron deficiency anaemia (<11 gm/dl and S-ferritin < 15 µg/l) were prevalent in 25 (12.5%) and 13 (6.5%) of these women, respectively. Ninety (45.0%) and eight (4.0%) of these women had zinc (<80 µg/ml) and copper (<80 µg/ml) deficiency, respectively. In 24 (12.0%) of these women, there were ≥2 deficiencies of these elements. S-copper was not [corrected] significantly lower in patients with anaemia. While age, parity, gestational age, ferritin, zinc and copper were not predictors for anaemia, women who practiced pica were at higher risk for anaemia (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.4-7.9, P = 0.004). Gestational age was significantly inversely correlated with haemoglobin (r = 0.161, P = 0.03), S-ferritin (r = 0.285, P = 0.001) and S-zinc (r = 0.166, P = 0.02). Thus, dietary and supplement interventions are required to prevent and control anaemia in this setting. Further research is needed. SN - 1559-0720 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20039147/Anaemia_zinc_and_copper_deficiencies_among_pregnant_women_in_central_Sudan_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-009-8586-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -