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Comparison of cephalometric norms of esthetically pleasing faces.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2009 Dec; 19(12):754-8.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To establish cephalometric norms of a sample of aesthetically pleasing Pakistani faces and to analyze differences and similarities with accepted standards for Caucasians.

STUDY DESIGN

Analytical cross sectional study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY

Carried out at Alvi Dental Hospital, Karachi, from August 2007 to February 2008.

METHODOLOGY

Cephalometric tracings were analyzed on a sample of 40 (20 males and 20 females) Pakistani young adults, aged 18-25 years, with full complement of permanent teeth, no previous orthodontic treatment and pleasing profile. To check the reliability of the measurements, 20 randomly selected cephalograms were retraced. None of the measurements showed a significant difference. Student's 't' test was applied for overall group comparisons. P-value of < 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS

When compared with some classical standards, the results suggest that the Pakistani sample had greater cranial lengths (p < 0.001), shorter faces anteriorly (p < 0.001), and tended towards bimaxillary dental protrusion with more prominent chin (p < 0.001). Males had greater antero-posterior, horizontal and vertical measurements (p < 0.001). Females showed more dental protrusion (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

Comparisons revealed statistically significant differences in most variables between Pakistanis and Caucasians and between Pakistani males and females. Pakistanis have distinct cephalometric features, which should be used as a reference in treating Pakistani orthodontic and orthognathic surgery patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dental Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, Karachi. attiya.shaikh@aku.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20042151

Citation

Shaikh, Attiya Jawaid, and Arif R. Alvi. "Comparison of Cephalometric Norms of Esthetically Pleasing Faces." Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP, vol. 19, no. 12, 2009, pp. 754-8.
Shaikh AJ, Alvi AR. Comparison of cephalometric norms of esthetically pleasing faces. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2009;19(12):754-8.
Shaikh, A. J., & Alvi, A. R. (2009). Comparison of cephalometric norms of esthetically pleasing faces. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP, 19(12), 754-8. https://doi.org/12.2009/JCPSP.754758
Shaikh AJ, Alvi AR. Comparison of Cephalometric Norms of Esthetically Pleasing Faces. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2009;19(12):754-8. PubMed PMID: 20042151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of cephalometric norms of esthetically pleasing faces. AU - Shaikh,Attiya Jawaid, AU - Alvi,Arif R, PY - 2008/06/03/received PY - 2009/07/07/accepted PY - 2010/1/1/entrez PY - 2010/1/1/pubmed PY - 2010/4/3/medline SP - 754 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP JO - J Coll Physicians Surg Pak VL - 19 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To establish cephalometric norms of a sample of aesthetically pleasing Pakistani faces and to analyze differences and similarities with accepted standards for Caucasians. STUDY DESIGN: Analytical cross sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Carried out at Alvi Dental Hospital, Karachi, from August 2007 to February 2008. METHODOLOGY: Cephalometric tracings were analyzed on a sample of 40 (20 males and 20 females) Pakistani young adults, aged 18-25 years, with full complement of permanent teeth, no previous orthodontic treatment and pleasing profile. To check the reliability of the measurements, 20 randomly selected cephalograms were retraced. None of the measurements showed a significant difference. Student's 't' test was applied for overall group comparisons. P-value of < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: When compared with some classical standards, the results suggest that the Pakistani sample had greater cranial lengths (p < 0.001), shorter faces anteriorly (p < 0.001), and tended towards bimaxillary dental protrusion with more prominent chin (p < 0.001). Males had greater antero-posterior, horizontal and vertical measurements (p < 0.001). Females showed more dental protrusion (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Comparisons revealed statistically significant differences in most variables between Pakistanis and Caucasians and between Pakistani males and females. Pakistanis have distinct cephalometric features, which should be used as a reference in treating Pakistani orthodontic and orthognathic surgery patients. SN - 1022-386X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20042151/Comparison_of_cephalometric_norms_of_esthetically_pleasing_faces_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -