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Characteristics of hearing impairment in Yemeni children with chronic suppurative otitis media: a case-control study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a serious disorder particularly in low resource settings. It can lead to disabling hearing impairment and sometimes life-threatening infective complications.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of hearing impairment associated with CSOM in Yemeni children.

METHODS

A case-control study of 75 children with CSOM and 74 healthy controls. Hearing was assessed by behavioural testing and audiometry.

RESULTS

Cases had lower academic performance than controls (OR 15.31, 95% CI 1.99-322.14, p<0.001). Disabling hearing impairment >30 dB was present in 51.5% (right ear) and 66.7% (left ear) of children with CSOM.

CONCLUSION

Disabling hearing impairment was identified as a major health problem in these Yemeni children with CSOM. There is a need for investment to reduce the burden of CSOM and its complications in these communities. Greater attention to the chronic disabling effects of CSOM in children is required in poor communities and low resource settings.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    WHO Collaborating Centre on Hearing Impairment, Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

    , , , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Audiometry, Pure-Tone
    Case-Control Studies
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Chronic Disease
    Cost of Illness
    Disability Evaluation
    Female
    Hearing Disorders
    Humans
    Infant
    Male
    Otitis Media, Suppurative
    Prevalence
    Severity of Illness Index
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Yemen

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20042241

    Citation

    Elemraid, Mohamed A., et al. "Characteristics of Hearing Impairment in Yemeni Children With Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media: a Case-control Study." International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 74, no. 3, 2010, pp. 283-6.
    Elemraid MA, Brabin BJ, Fraser WD, et al. Characteristics of hearing impairment in Yemeni children with chronic suppurative otitis media: a case-control study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74(3):283-6.
    Elemraid, M. A., Brabin, B. J., Fraser, W. D., Harper, G., Faragher, B., Atef, Z., ... Mackenzie, I. J. (2010). Characteristics of hearing impairment in Yemeni children with chronic suppurative otitis media: a case-control study. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 74(3), pp. 283-6. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2009.12.004.
    Elemraid MA, et al. Characteristics of Hearing Impairment in Yemeni Children With Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media: a Case-control Study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74(3):283-6. PubMed PMID: 20042241.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of hearing impairment in Yemeni children with chronic suppurative otitis media: a case-control study. AU - Elemraid,Mohamed A, AU - Brabin,Bernard J, AU - Fraser,William D, AU - Harper,Gregory, AU - Faragher,Brian, AU - Atef,Zayed, AU - Al-Aghbari,Nasher, AU - Mackenzie,Ian J, Y1 - 2009/12/29/ PY - 2009/10/02/received PY - 2009/12/02/revised PY - 2009/12/02/accepted PY - 2010/1/1/entrez PY - 2010/1/1/pubmed PY - 2010/4/27/medline SP - 283 EP - 6 JF - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology JO - Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol. VL - 74 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a serious disorder particularly in low resource settings. It can lead to disabling hearing impairment and sometimes life-threatening infective complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of hearing impairment associated with CSOM in Yemeni children. METHODS: A case-control study of 75 children with CSOM and 74 healthy controls. Hearing was assessed by behavioural testing and audiometry. RESULTS: Cases had lower academic performance than controls (OR 15.31, 95% CI 1.99-322.14, p<0.001). Disabling hearing impairment >30 dB was present in 51.5% (right ear) and 66.7% (left ear) of children with CSOM. CONCLUSION: Disabling hearing impairment was identified as a major health problem in these Yemeni children with CSOM. There is a need for investment to reduce the burden of CSOM and its complications in these communities. Greater attention to the chronic disabling effects of CSOM in children is required in poor communities and low resource settings. SN - 1872-8464 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20042241/Characteristics_of_hearing_impairment_in_Yemeni_children_with_chronic_suppurative_otitis_media:_a_case_control_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-5876(09)00653-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -