Otitis media with effusion: recurrence after tympanostomy tube extrusion.Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2010; 74(3):271-4IJ
The incidence rate of recurrence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in children after tympanostomy tube extrusion and the relationship between recurrence and tube retention time was investigated. Also relationship between recurrence rate and initial age of tube insertion was analysed.
A retrospective case series of patients who had tympanostomy tube insertion.
A total of 91 children (169 ears) were reviewed. Ears of children divided into three groups according to retention time of tympanostomy tubes. Group I: tympanostomy tube retention time less than 6 months. Group II: tympanostomy tube retention time 6 months to 12 months. Group III: tympanostomy tube retention time 12 months or more.
OME recurrence rate after tube extrusion was 20.7% in the study. The longer the tympanostomy tube retention time was the lower was the recurrence rate of OME. The comparison of the three groups indicated that recurrence rates were higher in group I (36.54%), than in group II (17.74%) and in group III (9.1%). There were statistically significant differences in recurrence rates between group I and group III, and between group I and II (p<0.05, p<0.05). However, the difference in recurrence rates between group II and group III was statistically not significant (p>0.05). In the preschool age group and school age group, the recurrence rates were 5.5% and 15.4%, respectively. There was no significant difference between these two groups (p>0.05). OME recurrence was observed in 9.9% of males and in 11% of females. There was no significant difference in recurrence rates between males and females (p>0.05).
After extrusion of tympanostomy tube, children should be followed-up regularly for recurrence of OME. The shorter the retention time of tympanostomy tubes was the higher was the recurrence rate. For the treatment of OME the ideal type of tubes should have the lowest complication and recurrence rates. Further studies are needed to ascertain the relationship between the incidence of OME and optimal tympanostomy tubes duration of tube stay in tympanic membrane. Therefore, new studies with larger series are necessary to investigate the correlation between the recurrence rates and different tympanostomy tubes after extrusion of tubes.