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The effect of lean fish consumption on triglyceride levels.
Phys Sportsmed 2009; 37(1):37-43PS

Abstract

Marine omega-3 fatty acids have an important role in reducing the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The American Heart Association recommends 1 g/day of omega-3 fatty acids for patients with CAD, and for those without CAD, the consumption of a variety of fish (preferably fatty fish) at least twice a week is recommended. Greater amounts of omega-3 fatty acids (4 g per day) are recommended to treat hypertriglyceridemia. Fish oil capsules are often needed to provide the greater quantities of omega-3 fatty acids necessary to treat hypertriglyceridemia, which should not obscure the important triglyceride-lowering effects of seafood consumption. The effects of fish consumption on plasma lipids and lipoproteins are well described in studies that have generally been conducted with fatty fish and fish oil capsules. This study of a group of men and women in a strictly controlled dietary setting showed that compared with a cholesterol-free diet, both lean fish and beef diets raised plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, but the fish diet resulted in lower levels of plasma total cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglycerides, and VLDL cholesterol, while the beef diet resulted in higher plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. These findings can help practitioners to extend their dietary recommendations to incorporate significant quantities of low-fat fish to reduce triglyceride levels.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of General Internal Medicine, Greater Los Angeles V.A. Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA. david.leaf@med.va.govNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20048486

Citation

Leaf, David A., and Lauren Hatcher. "The Effect of Lean Fish Consumption On Triglyceride Levels." The Physician and Sportsmedicine, vol. 37, no. 1, 2009, pp. 37-43.
Leaf DA, Hatcher L. The effect of lean fish consumption on triglyceride levels. Phys Sportsmed. 2009;37(1):37-43.
Leaf, D. A., & Hatcher, L. (2009). The effect of lean fish consumption on triglyceride levels. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 37(1), pp. 37-43. doi:10.3810/psm.2009.04.1681.
Leaf DA, Hatcher L. The Effect of Lean Fish Consumption On Triglyceride Levels. Phys Sportsmed. 2009;37(1):37-43. PubMed PMID: 20048486.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of lean fish consumption on triglyceride levels. AU - Leaf,David A, AU - Hatcher,Lauren, PY - 2010/1/6/entrez PY - 2010/1/6/pubmed PY - 2010/2/27/medline SP - 37 EP - 43 JF - The Physician and sportsmedicine JO - Phys Sportsmed VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - Marine omega-3 fatty acids have an important role in reducing the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The American Heart Association recommends 1 g/day of omega-3 fatty acids for patients with CAD, and for those without CAD, the consumption of a variety of fish (preferably fatty fish) at least twice a week is recommended. Greater amounts of omega-3 fatty acids (4 g per day) are recommended to treat hypertriglyceridemia. Fish oil capsules are often needed to provide the greater quantities of omega-3 fatty acids necessary to treat hypertriglyceridemia, which should not obscure the important triglyceride-lowering effects of seafood consumption. The effects of fish consumption on plasma lipids and lipoproteins are well described in studies that have generally been conducted with fatty fish and fish oil capsules. This study of a group of men and women in a strictly controlled dietary setting showed that compared with a cholesterol-free diet, both lean fish and beef diets raised plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, but the fish diet resulted in lower levels of plasma total cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglycerides, and VLDL cholesterol, while the beef diet resulted in higher plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. These findings can help practitioners to extend their dietary recommendations to incorporate significant quantities of low-fat fish to reduce triglyceride levels. SN - 0091-3847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20048486/The_effect_of_lean_fish_consumption_on_triglyceride_levels_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/triglycerides.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -