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Self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma and allergic disease: a global relationship in ISAAC phase 3.
Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Nov; 117(11):1791-8.EH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Associations between traffic pollution on the street of residence and a range of respiratory and allergic outcomes in children have been reported in developed countries, but little is known about such associations in developing countries.

METHODS

The third phase of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was carried out in 13- to 14-year-old and 6- to 7-year-old children across the world. A question about frequency of truck traffic on the street of residence was included in an additional questionnaire. We investigated the association between self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema with logistic regression. Adjustments were made for sex, region of the world, language, gross national income, and 10 other subject-specific covariates.

RESULTS

Frequency of truck traffic on the street of residence was positively associated with the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema with an exposure-response relationship. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for "current wheeze" and "almost the whole day" versus "never" truck traffic were 1.35 (1.23-1.49) for 13- to 14-year-olds and 1.35 (1.22-1.48) for 6- to 7-year-olds.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher exposure to self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence is associated with increased reports of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in many locations in the world. These findings require further investigation in view of increasing exposure of the world's children to traffic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences and Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. b.brunekreef@uu.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20049134

Citation

Brunekreef, Bert, et al. "Self-reported Truck Traffic On the Street of Residence and Symptoms of Asthma and Allergic Disease: a Global Relationship in ISAAC Phase 3." Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 117, no. 11, 2009, pp. 1791-8.
Brunekreef B, Stewart AW, Anderson HR, et al. Self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma and allergic disease: a global relationship in ISAAC phase 3. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117(11):1791-8.
Brunekreef, B., Stewart, A. W., Anderson, H. R., Lai, C. K., Strachan, D. P., & Pearce, N. (2009). Self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma and allergic disease: a global relationship in ISAAC phase 3. Environmental Health Perspectives, 117(11), 1791-8. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800467
Brunekreef B, et al. Self-reported Truck Traffic On the Street of Residence and Symptoms of Asthma and Allergic Disease: a Global Relationship in ISAAC Phase 3. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117(11):1791-8. PubMed PMID: 20049134.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma and allergic disease: a global relationship in ISAAC phase 3. AU - Brunekreef,Bert, AU - Stewart,Alistair W, AU - Anderson,H Ross, AU - Lai,Christopher K W, AU - Strachan,David P, AU - Pearce,Neil, AU - ,, Y1 - 2009/07/20/ PY - 2008/12/09/received PY - 2009/07/20/accepted PY - 2010/1/6/entrez PY - 2010/1/6/pubmed PY - 2010/3/27/medline KW - air pollution KW - asthma KW - eczema KW - rhinitis KW - truck traffic SP - 1791 EP - 8 JF - Environmental health perspectives JO - Environ Health Perspect VL - 117 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Associations between traffic pollution on the street of residence and a range of respiratory and allergic outcomes in children have been reported in developed countries, but little is known about such associations in developing countries. METHODS: The third phase of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was carried out in 13- to 14-year-old and 6- to 7-year-old children across the world. A question about frequency of truck traffic on the street of residence was included in an additional questionnaire. We investigated the association between self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema with logistic regression. Adjustments were made for sex, region of the world, language, gross national income, and 10 other subject-specific covariates. RESULTS: Frequency of truck traffic on the street of residence was positively associated with the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema with an exposure-response relationship. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for "current wheeze" and "almost the whole day" versus "never" truck traffic were 1.35 (1.23-1.49) for 13- to 14-year-olds and 1.35 (1.22-1.48) for 6- to 7-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Higher exposure to self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence is associated with increased reports of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in many locations in the world. These findings require further investigation in view of increasing exposure of the world's children to traffic. SN - 1552-9924 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20049134/Self_reported_truck_traffic_on_the_street_of_residence_and_symptoms_of_asthma_and_allergic_disease:_a_global_relationship_in_ISAAC_phase_3_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -