Fluoxetine induces apoptosis in ovarian carcinoma cell line OVCAR-3 through reactive oxygen species-dependent activation of nuclear factor-kappaB.Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2010 Jun; 106(6):446-53.BC
The apoptotic effect of fluoxetine (FLX), an antidepressant, against human epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR-3 and SK-OV-3 was investigated in relation to the mitochondria-mediated cell death process and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation. FLX-induced mitochondrial membrane permeability change and formation of reactive oxygen species, leading to cell death. FLX-induced increase in mitochondrial Bax levels, decrease in cytosolic Bid and Bcl-2 levels, loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, cytochrome c release, caspase-3 activation and up-regulation of p53. Oxidant scavengers and Bay 11-7085 [an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation] prevented the FLX-induced cell death, increase in phosphorylated inhibitory kappaB-alpha and NF-kappaB p65 levels, and binding of NF-kappaB p65 to DNA. Results from this study suggest that FLX may exhibit apoptotic effect against ovarian cancer cell lines by inducing the mitochondrial membrane permeability change, which leads to cytochrome c release and subsequent caspase-3 activation, through reactive oxygen species-dependent activation of NF-kappaB.