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Supplementing cognitive aging: a selective review of the effects of ginkgo biloba and a number of everyday nutritional substances.

Abstract

This review concerns a number of substances that have been receiving much attention, particularly in the media, for their potential to protect against age-related cognitive decline, and a focus is placed upon recent findings. Omega-3 fatty acids appear to play important roles in preserving neuronal structure and function and minimizing cognitive decline, whereas the antioxidant vitamins C and E appear to be particularly beneficial for combating age-related oxidative stress when administered in combination. Fruit and vegetable polyphenols also offer great potential, although most research thus far has involved rodents. Finally, there is mixed evidence regarding the cognitive enhancing properties of Ginkgo biloba, and the B vitamins folate and cobalamin, with all of these requiring further investigation.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Psychology, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK. louise.brown@ed.ac.uk

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Aging
    Animals
    Antioxidants
    Ascorbic Acid
    Cognition
    Cognition Disorders
    Dietary Supplements
    Fatty Acids, Omega-3
    Flavonoids
    Folic Acid
    Fruit
    Ginkgo biloba
    Humans
    Oxidative Stress
    Phenols
    Phytotherapy
    Polyphenols
    Rats
    Vegetables
    Vitamin B 12
    Vitamin B Complex
    Vitamin E

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20054730

    Citation

    Brown, Louise A., et al. "Supplementing Cognitive Aging: a Selective Review of the Effects of Ginkgo Biloba and a Number of Everyday Nutritional Substances." Experimental Aging Research, vol. 36, no. 1, 2010, pp. 105-22.
    Brown LA, Riby LM, Reay JL. Supplementing cognitive aging: a selective review of the effects of ginkgo biloba and a number of everyday nutritional substances. Exp Aging Res. 2010;36(1):105-22.
    Brown, L. A., Riby, L. M., & Reay, J. L. (2010). Supplementing cognitive aging: a selective review of the effects of ginkgo biloba and a number of everyday nutritional substances. Experimental Aging Research, 36(1), pp. 105-22. doi:10.1080/03610730903417960.
    Brown LA, Riby LM, Reay JL. Supplementing Cognitive Aging: a Selective Review of the Effects of Ginkgo Biloba and a Number of Everyday Nutritional Substances. Exp Aging Res. 2010;36(1):105-22. PubMed PMID: 20054730.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Supplementing cognitive aging: a selective review of the effects of ginkgo biloba and a number of everyday nutritional substances. AU - Brown,Louise A, AU - Riby,Leigh M, AU - Reay,Jonathon L, PY - 2010/1/8/entrez PY - 2010/1/8/pubmed PY - 2010/3/31/medline SP - 105 EP - 22 JF - Experimental aging research JO - Exp Aging Res VL - 36 IS - 1 N2 - This review concerns a number of substances that have been receiving much attention, particularly in the media, for their potential to protect against age-related cognitive decline, and a focus is placed upon recent findings. Omega-3 fatty acids appear to play important roles in preserving neuronal structure and function and minimizing cognitive decline, whereas the antioxidant vitamins C and E appear to be particularly beneficial for combating age-related oxidative stress when administered in combination. Fruit and vegetable polyphenols also offer great potential, although most research thus far has involved rodents. Finally, there is mixed evidence regarding the cognitive enhancing properties of Ginkgo biloba, and the B vitamins folate and cobalamin, with all of these requiring further investigation. SN - 1096-4657 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20054730/Supplementing_cognitive_aging:_a_selective_review_of_the_effects_of_ginkgo_biloba_and_a_number_of_everyday_nutritional_substances_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03610730903417960 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -