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Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic.
Science. 2010 Jan 08; 327(5962):196-8.Sci

Abstract

Large-scale biodiversity gradients among environments and habitats are usually attributed to a complex array of ecological and evolutionary factors. We tested the evolutionary component of such gradients by compiling the environments of the geologically oldest occurrences of marine genera and using sampling standardization to assess if originations tended to be clustered in particular environments. Shallow, tropical environments and carbonate substrates all tend to have harbored high origination rates. Diversity within these environments tended to be preferentially generated in reefs, probably because of their habitat complexity. Reefs were also prolific at exporting diversity to other environments, which might be a consequence of low-diversity habitats being more susceptible to invasions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity at the Humboldt University Berlin, 10115 Berlin, Germany. wolfgang.kiessling@mfn-berlin.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20056888

Citation

Kiessling, Wolfgang, et al. "Reefs as Cradles of Evolution and Sources of Biodiversity in the Phanerozoic." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 327, no. 5962, 2010, pp. 196-8.
Kiessling W, Simpson C, Foote M. Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science. 2010;327(5962):196-8.
Kiessling, W., Simpson, C., & Foote, M. (2010). Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5962), 196-8. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1182241
Kiessling W, Simpson C, Foote M. Reefs as Cradles of Evolution and Sources of Biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science. 2010 Jan 8;327(5962):196-8. PubMed PMID: 20056888.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. AU - Kiessling,Wolfgang, AU - Simpson,Carl, AU - Foote,Michael, PY - 2010/1/9/entrez PY - 2010/1/9/pubmed PY - 2010/1/27/medline SP - 196 EP - 8 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 327 IS - 5962 N2 - Large-scale biodiversity gradients among environments and habitats are usually attributed to a complex array of ecological and evolutionary factors. We tested the evolutionary component of such gradients by compiling the environments of the geologically oldest occurrences of marine genera and using sampling standardization to assess if originations tended to be clustered in particular environments. Shallow, tropical environments and carbonate substrates all tend to have harbored high origination rates. Diversity within these environments tended to be preferentially generated in reefs, probably because of their habitat complexity. Reefs were also prolific at exporting diversity to other environments, which might be a consequence of low-diversity habitats being more susceptible to invasions. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20056888/Reefs_as_cradles_of_evolution_and_sources_of_biodiversity_in_the_Phanerozoic_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=20056888 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -