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Toddlers' temperament profiles: stability and relations to negative and positive parenting.
J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2010 May; 38(4):485-95.JA

Abstract

This study investigated the type and stability of temperament profiles in toddlers, and relations of profile probability to negative and positive parenting trajectories. Mothers (N = 96) rated their child's (41 girls and 54 boys) Sociability, Anger Proneness, and Activity Level four times during 1 year. The assessment of parenting included both maternal self-reports and observational measures. Latent profile analysis indicated three child temperament profiles: a well-adjusted 'typical' profile, an 'expressive' profile with heightened externalizing problems, and a 'fearful' profile with heightened internalizing problems. Although toddlers' profile classifications were highly stable across 1 year, individual differences in (changes in) toddlers' temperament profile probability occurred. We identified negative and positive parenting as environmental mechanisms that were related to the development of temperament profiles over time. These results support the notion that, in addition to having a genetic base, temperament is subject to maturation and experience over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands. A.L.vandenAkker@uu.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20058064

Citation

van den Akker, Alithe L., et al. "Toddlers' Temperament Profiles: Stability and Relations to Negative and Positive Parenting." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol. 38, no. 4, 2010, pp. 485-95.
van den Akker AL, Deković M, Prinzie P, et al. Toddlers' temperament profiles: stability and relations to negative and positive parenting. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2010;38(4):485-95.
van den Akker, A. L., Deković, M., Prinzie, P., & Asscher, J. J. (2010). Toddlers' temperament profiles: stability and relations to negative and positive parenting. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(4), 485-95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9379-0
van den Akker AL, et al. Toddlers' Temperament Profiles: Stability and Relations to Negative and Positive Parenting. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2010;38(4):485-95. PubMed PMID: 20058064.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toddlers' temperament profiles: stability and relations to negative and positive parenting. AU - van den Akker,Alithe L, AU - Deković,Maja, AU - Prinzie,Peter, AU - Asscher,Jessica J, PY - 2010/1/9/entrez PY - 2010/1/9/pubmed PY - 2010/8/5/medline SP - 485 EP - 95 JF - Journal of abnormal child psychology JO - J Abnorm Child Psychol VL - 38 IS - 4 N2 - This study investigated the type and stability of temperament profiles in toddlers, and relations of profile probability to negative and positive parenting trajectories. Mothers (N = 96) rated their child's (41 girls and 54 boys) Sociability, Anger Proneness, and Activity Level four times during 1 year. The assessment of parenting included both maternal self-reports and observational measures. Latent profile analysis indicated three child temperament profiles: a well-adjusted 'typical' profile, an 'expressive' profile with heightened externalizing problems, and a 'fearful' profile with heightened internalizing problems. Although toddlers' profile classifications were highly stable across 1 year, individual differences in (changes in) toddlers' temperament profile probability occurred. We identified negative and positive parenting as environmental mechanisms that were related to the development of temperament profiles over time. These results support the notion that, in addition to having a genetic base, temperament is subject to maturation and experience over time. SN - 1573-2835 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20058064/Toddlers'_temperament_profiles:_stability_and_relations_to_negative_and_positive_parenting_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9379-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -