Role of low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor inhibitory antibody in reducing pain behavior and calcitonin gene-related Peptide expression in a rat model of wrist joint inflammatory pain.J Hand Surg Am. 2010 Feb; 35(2):267-73.JH
Nerve growth factor (NGF), via the high-affinity receptor, tyrosine kinase A, has been widely reported as a mediator of pain caused by inflammation. A clinical trial has suggested that anti-NGF antibody is effective for pain caused by osteoarthritis of the knee. However, adverse events such as headache (8.9%), upper respiratory tract infection (7.3%), and paresthesia (6.8%) were reported. We hypothesized that inhibition of the low-affinity NGF receptor, p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), is also effective for joint pain and may reduce side effects. This study examined suppression of pain behavior and expression of pain-inducing neuropeptides such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and p75NTR in dorsal root ganglia neurons by a p75NTR inhibitory antibody in a rat model of wrist joint inflammatory pain.
We injected complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into the wrist joint of rats and used this as a model of inflammatory pain. We applied 10 microL of saline (CFA + saline group; n = 20) or 1, 10, or 50 microL of a p75NTR inhibitory antibody (CFA + p75NTR inhibitory antibody group; n = 40) directly to the inflamed joint in the rats. Mechanical hyperalgesia was measured for 2 weeks using von Frey filaments. We assessed CGRP and p75NTR expression in C8 dorsal root ganglia immunochemically. Adverse events such as loss of weight and/or appetite, constipation, and infection were examined.
p75NTR inhibitory antibody reduced mechanical hyperalgesia caused by CFA (p<.05 vs controls) in the rat model (p<.01 vs saline), without any adverse events. We found that 10 and 50 microL of a p75NTR inhibitory antibody were more effective for pain, without a significant difference between doses. CGRP and p75NTR immunoreactivity was upregulated in the CFA + saline groups compared with a control group (p<.01). However, direct p75NTR inhibitory antibody application decreased CGRP and p75NTR expression after wrist inflammation (p<.01).
p75NTR inhibition may be a therapeutic target for inflamed joint pain treatment with reduced adverse events.