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Anxiety, stress, depression, oral health status and behaviours in Romanian hemodialysis patients.
Rom J Intern Med. 2009; 47(2):161-8.RJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES. Our aim was to examine the self-reported anxiety, stress and depression, oral health status and behaviors among Romanian adults individuals on renal dialysis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A cross-sectional study design was used. The sample consisted of 161 Romanian adults (mean age 53.9 years; 44% women; 66% married). The questionnaire included information about socio-demographic factors, behavioral factors, self-reported oral health status, anxiety, stress and depression.

RESULTS

99.4% of the participants reported to have current non-treated caries, 94.4% were not satisfied by appearance of own teeth, 97.5% presented extracted teeth and 64.6% of them reported to have gum bleeding. 34.5% of the individuals brushed once a day or less, 92.5% of them never used dental floss and 78.3% never used mouthrinse. Only 13% of participants were regular users of the dental-care system (i.e. they had at least one dental visit in the last year) and 89.4% had seen the dentist only when treatment is needed or when in pain. The reasons for not visiting the dentist were in 51.6% of the participants the dental anxiety and in 37.3% the financial problems. A high percentage of dialysis patients presented anxiety (85.1%), stress (60.9%) and depression in everyday life (61.5%). No influence of duration of hemodialysis was noted among the study variables.

CONCLUSIONS

The results support the view that there is an increased risk for anxiety, stress, depression and impaired dental/gingival health and behaviours among individuals on renal dialysis. Early dental treatment and psychological interventions should be intensified in these subjects, and are of interdisciplinary importance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Tromsø, Norway. alexandrina_l_dumitrescu@yahoo.co.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20067166

Citation

Dumitrescu, Alexandrina Lizica, et al. "Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Oral Health Status and Behaviours in Romanian Hemodialysis Patients." Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, vol. 47, no. 2, 2009, pp. 161-8.
Dumitrescu AL, Gârneaţă L, Guzun O. Anxiety, stress, depression, oral health status and behaviours in Romanian hemodialysis patients. Rom J Intern Med. 2009;47(2):161-8.
Dumitrescu, A. L., Gârneaţă, L., & Guzun, O. (2009). Anxiety, stress, depression, oral health status and behaviours in Romanian hemodialysis patients. Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, 47(2), 161-8.
Dumitrescu AL, Gârneaţă L, Guzun O. Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Oral Health Status and Behaviours in Romanian Hemodialysis Patients. Rom J Intern Med. 2009;47(2):161-8. PubMed PMID: 20067166.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety, stress, depression, oral health status and behaviours in Romanian hemodialysis patients. AU - Dumitrescu,Alexandrina Lizica, AU - Gârneaţă,Liliana, AU - Guzun,Olga, PY - 2010/1/14/entrez PY - 2010/1/14/pubmed PY - 2010/3/17/medline SP - 161 EP - 8 JF - Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de medecine interne JO - Rom J Intern Med VL - 47 IS - 2 N2 - UNLABELLED: OBJECTIVES. Our aim was to examine the self-reported anxiety, stress and depression, oral health status and behaviors among Romanian adults individuals on renal dialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. The sample consisted of 161 Romanian adults (mean age 53.9 years; 44% women; 66% married). The questionnaire included information about socio-demographic factors, behavioral factors, self-reported oral health status, anxiety, stress and depression. RESULTS: 99.4% of the participants reported to have current non-treated caries, 94.4% were not satisfied by appearance of own teeth, 97.5% presented extracted teeth and 64.6% of them reported to have gum bleeding. 34.5% of the individuals brushed once a day or less, 92.5% of them never used dental floss and 78.3% never used mouthrinse. Only 13% of participants were regular users of the dental-care system (i.e. they had at least one dental visit in the last year) and 89.4% had seen the dentist only when treatment is needed or when in pain. The reasons for not visiting the dentist were in 51.6% of the participants the dental anxiety and in 37.3% the financial problems. A high percentage of dialysis patients presented anxiety (85.1%), stress (60.9%) and depression in everyday life (61.5%). No influence of duration of hemodialysis was noted among the study variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results support the view that there is an increased risk for anxiety, stress, depression and impaired dental/gingival health and behaviours among individuals on renal dialysis. Early dental treatment and psychological interventions should be intensified in these subjects, and are of interdisciplinary importance. SN - 1220-4749 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20067166/Anxiety_stress_depression_oral_health_status_and_behaviours_in_Romanian_hemodialysis_patients_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7698 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -