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Consumption of fruit and vegetables among elderly people: a cross sectional study from Iran.
Nutr J. 2010 Jan 13; 9:2.NJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

There is substantial evidence that low consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) is a major risk factor for many chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess FV consumption and the variables that influence it among elderly individuals in Iran aged 60 and over.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study to investigate FV intake by a randomly-selected sample of members of elderly centers in Tehran, Iran. A multidimensional questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic characteristics, daily consumption of FV, knowledge, self-efficacy, social support, perceived benefits, and barriers against FV. Data were analyzed using t-tests, one way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and logistic regression.

RESULTS

In total, 400 elderly individuals took part in the study. The mean age of the participants was 64.07 (SD = 4.49) years, and most were female (74.5%). The mean number of FV servings per day was 1.76 (SD = 1.15). Ninety-seven percent of participants (n = 388) did not know the recommended intake was at least five servings of FV per day. Similarly, 88.3% (n = 353) did not know the size of a single serving. The most frequent perceived benefits of and barriers against FV consumption were availability and expense, respectively. Knowledge (OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.39-0.88), perceived benefits (OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.88-0.96) and barriers (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.04-1.14), self-efficacy (OR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.83-0.95) and family support (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.83-0.99) were significantly associated with fruit and vegetable consumption.

CONCLUSION

The findings of this study indicate that FV intake among elderly individuals in Iran was lower than the recommended minimum of five daily servings and varied greatly with age, marital status, educational attainment, and income level. The results also indicated that low perceived benefits, low self-efficacy, and perceived barriers could lead to lower consumption of FV. It seems that in order to improve FV consumption among elderly individuals in Iran, raising awareness, improving perception of benefits and enhancing self-efficacy regarding FV consumption should receive more attention. Indeed, it is essential to plan health education programs and nutritional interventions for this group of the population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20070890

Citation

Salehi, Leili, et al. "Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables Among Elderly People: a Cross Sectional Study From Iran." Nutrition Journal, vol. 9, 2010, p. 2.
Salehi L, Eftekhar H, Mohammad K, et al. Consumption of fruit and vegetables among elderly people: a cross sectional study from Iran. Nutr J. 2010;9:2.
Salehi, L., Eftekhar, H., Mohammad, K., Tavafian, S. S., Jazayery, A., & Montazeri, A. (2010). Consumption of fruit and vegetables among elderly people: a cross sectional study from Iran. Nutrition Journal, 9, 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-9-2
Salehi L, et al. Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables Among Elderly People: a Cross Sectional Study From Iran. Nutr J. 2010 Jan 13;9:2. PubMed PMID: 20070890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of fruit and vegetables among elderly people: a cross sectional study from Iran. AU - Salehi,Leili, AU - Eftekhar,Hassan, AU - Mohammad,Kazem, AU - Tavafian,Sedigheh Sadat, AU - Jazayery,Abolghasem, AU - Montazeri,Ali, Y1 - 2010/01/13/ PY - 2009/08/25/received PY - 2010/01/13/accepted PY - 2010/1/15/entrez PY - 2010/1/15/pubmed PY - 2010/5/7/medline SP - 2 EP - 2 JF - Nutrition journal JO - Nutr J VL - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that low consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) is a major risk factor for many chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess FV consumption and the variables that influence it among elderly individuals in Iran aged 60 and over. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study to investigate FV intake by a randomly-selected sample of members of elderly centers in Tehran, Iran. A multidimensional questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic characteristics, daily consumption of FV, knowledge, self-efficacy, social support, perceived benefits, and barriers against FV. Data were analyzed using t-tests, one way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 400 elderly individuals took part in the study. The mean age of the participants was 64.07 (SD = 4.49) years, and most were female (74.5%). The mean number of FV servings per day was 1.76 (SD = 1.15). Ninety-seven percent of participants (n = 388) did not know the recommended intake was at least five servings of FV per day. Similarly, 88.3% (n = 353) did not know the size of a single serving. The most frequent perceived benefits of and barriers against FV consumption were availability and expense, respectively. Knowledge (OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.39-0.88), perceived benefits (OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.88-0.96) and barriers (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.04-1.14), self-efficacy (OR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.83-0.95) and family support (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.83-0.99) were significantly associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicate that FV intake among elderly individuals in Iran was lower than the recommended minimum of five daily servings and varied greatly with age, marital status, educational attainment, and income level. The results also indicated that low perceived benefits, low self-efficacy, and perceived barriers could lead to lower consumption of FV. It seems that in order to improve FV consumption among elderly individuals in Iran, raising awareness, improving perception of benefits and enhancing self-efficacy regarding FV consumption should receive more attention. Indeed, it is essential to plan health education programs and nutritional interventions for this group of the population. SN - 1475-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20070890/Consumption_of_fruit_and_vegetables_among_elderly_people:_a_cross_sectional_study_from_Iran_ L2 - https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2891-9-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -