Speech results after one-stage palatoplasty with or without muscle reconstruction for isolated cleft palate.Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2010 Jan; 47(1):92-103.CP
To investigate speech outcome between children with isolated cleft palate undergoing palatoplasty with and without muscle reconstruction and to compare speech outcomes between cleft and non cleft children. The number of subsequent velopharyngeal flaps was compared with respect to surgical techniques and cleft extent.
Cross-sectional retrospective study.
One hundred four children aged 4 years, 0 months to 6 years, 0 months, 33 with isolated cleft of the soft palate, 53 with isolated cleft of the hard and soft palate, and 18 non cleft children.
Two primary palate repair techniques: minimal incision technique (MIT) and minimal incision technique including muscle reconstruction (MIT(mr)).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Perceptual judgment of seven speech parameters assessed on a five-point scale.
No significant differences in speech outcomes were found between MIT and MIT(mr) surgery groups. The number of velopharyngeal flaps was significantly lower after MIT(mr) surgery compared to MIT surgery. The number of flaps was also significantly lower in children with cleft of the soft palate compared to children with cleft of the hard and soft palate. Children with cleft of the soft palate had significantly less glottal articulation and weak pressure consonants compared to children with cleft of the hard and soft palate.
The MIT(mr) surgery technique was not significantly superior to the MIT technique regarding speech outcomes related to velopharyngeal competence, but had fewer velopharyngeal flaps, which is contradictory. Until a larger sample can be studied, we will continue to use MIT(mr) for primary palate repair.