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Cross-sectional study of the prevalence and clinical features of osteoarthritis in 100 cats.
Vet J 2011; 187(3):304-9VJ

Abstract

To assess clinical signs and relevance of osteoarthritis (OA) in cats, the radiographic prevalence of OA in the appendicular skeleton of 100 client-owned cats (≥ 6 years old) was assessed. Possible associations between radiographic OA, clinical locomotor system examination, and owner-perceived behavioural changes were evaluated. OA was most prevalent in the shoulders, elbows, hips and tarsal joints with 61% of cats having OA in at least one joint and 48% in more than one joint. Overall, clinical examination of the larger peripheral joints had the highest sensitivity and specificity for radiographic OA. Regression analysis showed age to be related to OA (P = 0.002), as were decreased mobility and grooming (P = 0.008), although there was a correlation with age. Finally, increased inappropriate elimination was associated with OA (P = 0.046). It was concluded that the prevalence of OA in cats is strikingly high and increases with age. OA in cats seems to be associated with behavioural changes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, 3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20083417

Citation

Slingerland, L I., et al. "Cross-sectional Study of the Prevalence and Clinical Features of Osteoarthritis in 100 Cats." Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997), vol. 187, no. 3, 2011, pp. 304-9.
Slingerland LI, Hazewinkel HA, Meij BP, et al. Cross-sectional study of the prevalence and clinical features of osteoarthritis in 100 cats. Vet J. 2011;187(3):304-9.
Slingerland, L. I., Hazewinkel, H. A., Meij, B. P., Picavet, P., & Voorhout, G. (2011). Cross-sectional study of the prevalence and clinical features of osteoarthritis in 100 cats. Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997), 187(3), pp. 304-9. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.12.014.
Slingerland LI, et al. Cross-sectional Study of the Prevalence and Clinical Features of Osteoarthritis in 100 Cats. Vet J. 2011;187(3):304-9. PubMed PMID: 20083417.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cross-sectional study of the prevalence and clinical features of osteoarthritis in 100 cats. AU - Slingerland,L I, AU - Hazewinkel,H A W, AU - Meij,B P, AU - Picavet,Ph, AU - Voorhout,G, Y1 - 2010/01/18/ PY - 2009/07/14/received PY - 2009/12/03/revised PY - 2009/12/13/accepted PY - 2010/1/20/entrez PY - 2010/1/20/pubmed PY - 2011/4/9/medline SP - 304 EP - 9 JF - Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997) JO - Vet. J. VL - 187 IS - 3 N2 - To assess clinical signs and relevance of osteoarthritis (OA) in cats, the radiographic prevalence of OA in the appendicular skeleton of 100 client-owned cats (≥ 6 years old) was assessed. Possible associations between radiographic OA, clinical locomotor system examination, and owner-perceived behavioural changes were evaluated. OA was most prevalent in the shoulders, elbows, hips and tarsal joints with 61% of cats having OA in at least one joint and 48% in more than one joint. Overall, clinical examination of the larger peripheral joints had the highest sensitivity and specificity for radiographic OA. Regression analysis showed age to be related to OA (P = 0.002), as were decreased mobility and grooming (P = 0.008), although there was a correlation with age. Finally, increased inappropriate elimination was associated with OA (P = 0.046). It was concluded that the prevalence of OA in cats is strikingly high and increases with age. OA in cats seems to be associated with behavioural changes. SN - 1532-2971 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20083417/Cross_sectional_study_of_the_prevalence_and_clinical_features_of_osteoarthritis_in_100_cats_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1090-0233(09)00490-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -