Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The risk of congestive heart failure is increased in persons with varicose veins.
Int Angiol. 2009 Dec; 28(6):452-7.IA

Abstract

AIM

Varicose veins are a common condition but their etiology and relationship with other cardiovascular diseases are not well established. The aim of the study was to find out if persons with varicose veins have a higher risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) than persons without varicose veins.

METHODS

The prevalence of CHF at entry and the incidence of CHF during a five-year follow-up period were studied in persons with and without varicose veins. A study was conducted with a questionnaire in a population of 4903 middle-aged residents in Tampere, Finland.

RESULTS

Marginally higher prevalence of CHF was found in persons with varicose veins than in those without (2.9% vs. 1.9%) with OR 1.6 (1.0-2.3) and sex and age adjusted OR 1.2 (0.8-1.9). The incidence of CHF was higher in subjects with varicose veins than in others (4.9 vs. 2.6 per 1000 person-years) with IDR 1.9 (1.1-2.9) and sex and age adjusted IOR 2.5 (1.4-4.6). The result was further adjusted for body mass index, arterial disease and hypertension; multi-adjusted IOR for the incidence of CHF by varicose veins was 2.1 (1.1-4.0).

CONCLUSIONS

Our longitudinal observation is consistent with the hypothesis that persons with varicose veins have a higher risk of CHF which is not mediated through sex, age, overweight, arterial disease or hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Tampere, Tampere School of Public Health, Tampere, Finland. liisa.makivaara@uta.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20087281

Citation

Mäkivaara, L A., et al. "The Risk of Congestive Heart Failure Is Increased in Persons With Varicose Veins." International Angiology : a Journal of the International Union of Angiology, vol. 28, no. 6, 2009, pp. 452-7.
Mäkivaara LA, Ahti TM, Luukkaala T, et al. The risk of congestive heart failure is increased in persons with varicose veins. Int Angiol. 2009;28(6):452-7.
Mäkivaara, L. A., Ahti, T. M., Luukkaala, T., Hakama, M., & Laurikka, J. O. (2009). The risk of congestive heart failure is increased in persons with varicose veins. International Angiology : a Journal of the International Union of Angiology, 28(6), 452-7.
Mäkivaara LA, et al. The Risk of Congestive Heart Failure Is Increased in Persons With Varicose Veins. Int Angiol. 2009;28(6):452-7. PubMed PMID: 20087281.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The risk of congestive heart failure is increased in persons with varicose veins. AU - Mäkivaara,L A, AU - Ahti,T M, AU - Luukkaala,T, AU - Hakama,M, AU - Laurikka,J O, PY - 2010/1/21/entrez PY - 2010/1/21/pubmed PY - 2010/10/13/medline SP - 452 EP - 7 JF - International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology JO - Int Angiol VL - 28 IS - 6 N2 - AIM: Varicose veins are a common condition but their etiology and relationship with other cardiovascular diseases are not well established. The aim of the study was to find out if persons with varicose veins have a higher risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) than persons without varicose veins. METHODS: The prevalence of CHF at entry and the incidence of CHF during a five-year follow-up period were studied in persons with and without varicose veins. A study was conducted with a questionnaire in a population of 4903 middle-aged residents in Tampere, Finland. RESULTS: Marginally higher prevalence of CHF was found in persons with varicose veins than in those without (2.9% vs. 1.9%) with OR 1.6 (1.0-2.3) and sex and age adjusted OR 1.2 (0.8-1.9). The incidence of CHF was higher in subjects with varicose veins than in others (4.9 vs. 2.6 per 1000 person-years) with IDR 1.9 (1.1-2.9) and sex and age adjusted IOR 2.5 (1.4-4.6). The result was further adjusted for body mass index, arterial disease and hypertension; multi-adjusted IOR for the incidence of CHF by varicose veins was 2.1 (1.1-4.0). CONCLUSIONS: Our longitudinal observation is consistent with the hypothesis that persons with varicose veins have a higher risk of CHF which is not mediated through sex, age, overweight, arterial disease or hypertension. SN - 0392-9590 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20087281/The_risk_of_congestive_heart_failure_is_increased_in_persons_with_varicose_veins_ L2 - http://www.minervamedica.it/index2.t?show=R34Y2009N06A0452 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -