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The Mediterranean-type diet: is there a need for further modification?
Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Apr; 53(4):886-9.AJ

Abstract

The effects on plasma lipoproteins of four fat-modified diets were assessed in 11 nuns in a contemplative order in the Mediterranean region of Spain. Diet 1 [high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), low monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), low ratio of PUFAs to saturated fatty acids (P:S)] and diet 3 (low PUFA, high MUFA, low P:S) induced significant, directly comparable reductions in total plasma (12% and 13%, respectively) and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (24% and 19%, respectively). Diet 2 [high PUFA, high MUFA, low saturated fatty acid (SFA), high P:S] induced greater decrements (23% and 30% in total plasma and LDL cholesterol, respectively). Diet 4 (low PUFA, low MUFA, high SFA, low P:S) induced a significant increase in LDL cholesterol of 11%. No significant changes in high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol were observed with these diets. Because the effects of PUFAs and MUFAs are comparable, no recommendations on modifying the habitual, high-MUFA-containing Mediterranean diet need be made other than, perhaps, a reduction in the overall intake of SFAs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unitat Recerca de Lipids, Hospital Sant Joan, Facultat de Medicina de Reus, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2008868

Citation

Masana, L, et al. "The Mediterranean-type Diet: Is There a Need for Further Modification?" The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 4, 1991, pp. 886-9.
Masana L, Camprubi M, Sarda P, et al. The Mediterranean-type diet: is there a need for further modification? Am J Clin Nutr. 1991;53(4):886-9.
Masana, L., Camprubi, M., Sarda, P., Sola, R., Joven, J., & Turner, P. R. (1991). The Mediterranean-type diet: is there a need for further modification? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 53(4), 886-9.
Masana L, et al. The Mediterranean-type Diet: Is There a Need for Further Modification. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991;53(4):886-9. PubMed PMID: 2008868.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Mediterranean-type diet: is there a need for further modification? AU - Masana,L, AU - Camprubi,M, AU - Sarda,P, AU - Sola,R, AU - Joven,J, AU - Turner,P R, PY - 1991/4/1/pubmed PY - 1991/4/1/medline PY - 1991/4/1/entrez SP - 886 EP - 9 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 53 IS - 4 N2 - The effects on plasma lipoproteins of four fat-modified diets were assessed in 11 nuns in a contemplative order in the Mediterranean region of Spain. Diet 1 [high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), low monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), low ratio of PUFAs to saturated fatty acids (P:S)] and diet 3 (low PUFA, high MUFA, low P:S) induced significant, directly comparable reductions in total plasma (12% and 13%, respectively) and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (24% and 19%, respectively). Diet 2 [high PUFA, high MUFA, low saturated fatty acid (SFA), high P:S] induced greater decrements (23% and 30% in total plasma and LDL cholesterol, respectively). Diet 4 (low PUFA, low MUFA, high SFA, low P:S) induced a significant increase in LDL cholesterol of 11%. No significant changes in high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol were observed with these diets. Because the effects of PUFAs and MUFAs are comparable, no recommendations on modifying the habitual, high-MUFA-containing Mediterranean diet need be made other than, perhaps, a reduction in the overall intake of SFAs. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2008868/The_Mediterranean_type_diet:_is_there_a_need_for_further_modification L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/53.4.886 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -