Silencing of mitochondrial NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase gene enhances selenite-induced apoptosis.Free Radic Res. 2010 Mar; 44(3):332-9.FR
Selenium has been shown to play a chemopreventive role in human cancer, presumably by inducing tumour cell apoptosis. Selenite is thought to induce oxidative stress by the generation of the superoxide anion and catalysing the oxidation of thiol groups. It has previously been reported that control of the mitochondrial redox balance is a primary function of mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDPm) by supplying NADPH for antioxidant systems. When investigating whether IDPm would be a vulnerable target of selenite, the loss of enzyme activity was observed. Transfection of HeLa cells with an IDPm small interfering RNA (siRNA) markedly decreased activity of IDPm and enhanced cells' susceptibility of selenite-induced apoptosis, as indicated by morphological evidence of apoptosis, DNA fragmentation and the modulation of mitochondrial function and apoptotic marker proteins. These results suggest that IDPm siRNA sensitizes HeLa cells to selenite-induced apoptotic cell death, presumably through the perturbation of the cellular redox status.