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Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Jan 20; 11:12.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Musculoskeletal disorders represent a significant occupational problem among nurses; however, data on musculoskeletal health of nurses in Sub-Sahara Africa are sparse. This study sought to determine the lifetime, 12-months period and point prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs); the associated job risk factors and the coping strategies toward reducing the risk among nurses from selected hospitals in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria

METHODS

A previously validated self administered questionnaire which sought information on demographics, prevalence and pattern of WMSDs, associated job risk factors and coping strategies was employed as the survey instrument. A total of 160 questionnaires were distributed to nurses in the different hospitals but 128 questionnaires were returned yielding an 80% response rate. 10 of the returned questionnaires were excluded because of incomplete data.

RESULTS

Eighty-four point four percent of the nurses have had WMSDs once or more in their occupational lives. The 12-months period and point prevalence rate of WMSDs at any body region was 78% and 66.1% respectively. WMSDs occurred mostly in low back (44.1%), neck (28.0%), and knees (22.4%). 30.3% treated themselves or had visited other health practitioners for care. Nurses with > 20 years of clinical experience are about 4 times more likely to develop WMSDs (OR 3.81; CI 1.08-13.4) than those with 11-20 years experience. Working in the same positions for long periods (55.1%), lifting or transferring dependent patients (50.8%) and treating an excessive number of patients in one day (44.9%) were the most perceived job risk factors for WMSDs. Getting help in handling heavy patients (50.4%), modification of nursing procedures in order to avoid re-injury (45.4%), and modifying patient's/nurse position (40.3%) were the top three coping strategies.

CONCLUSIONS

A high proportion of Nigerian nurses reported WMSDs at some body site in their occupational lives with the low back being injured most often. Education programmes on prevention and coping strategies for musculoskeletal disorders are recommended for nurses in order to reduce the rate of occupational hazards and also promote efficiency in patient care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20089139

Citation

Tinubu, Bolanle M S., et al. "Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a Cross-sectional Survey." BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 11, 2010, p. 12.
Tinubu BM, Mbada CE, Oyeyemi AL, et al. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010;11:12.
Tinubu, B. M., Mbada, C. E., Oyeyemi, A. L., & Fabunmi, A. A. (2010). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 11, 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-11-12
Tinubu BM, et al. Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a Cross-sectional Survey. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Jan 20;11:12. PubMed PMID: 20089139.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey. AU - Tinubu,Bolanle M S, AU - Mbada,Chidozie E, AU - Oyeyemi,Adewale L, AU - Fabunmi,Ayodele A, Y1 - 2010/01/20/ PY - 2009/02/23/received PY - 2010/01/20/accepted PY - 2010/1/22/entrez PY - 2010/1/22/pubmed PY - 2010/7/10/medline SP - 12 EP - 12 JF - BMC musculoskeletal disorders JO - BMC Musculoskelet Disord VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders represent a significant occupational problem among nurses; however, data on musculoskeletal health of nurses in Sub-Sahara Africa are sparse. This study sought to determine the lifetime, 12-months period and point prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs); the associated job risk factors and the coping strategies toward reducing the risk among nurses from selected hospitals in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria METHODS: A previously validated self administered questionnaire which sought information on demographics, prevalence and pattern of WMSDs, associated job risk factors and coping strategies was employed as the survey instrument. A total of 160 questionnaires were distributed to nurses in the different hospitals but 128 questionnaires were returned yielding an 80% response rate. 10 of the returned questionnaires were excluded because of incomplete data. RESULTS: Eighty-four point four percent of the nurses have had WMSDs once or more in their occupational lives. The 12-months period and point prevalence rate of WMSDs at any body region was 78% and 66.1% respectively. WMSDs occurred mostly in low back (44.1%), neck (28.0%), and knees (22.4%). 30.3% treated themselves or had visited other health practitioners for care. Nurses with > 20 years of clinical experience are about 4 times more likely to develop WMSDs (OR 3.81; CI 1.08-13.4) than those with 11-20 years experience. Working in the same positions for long periods (55.1%), lifting or transferring dependent patients (50.8%) and treating an excessive number of patients in one day (44.9%) were the most perceived job risk factors for WMSDs. Getting help in handling heavy patients (50.4%), modification of nursing procedures in order to avoid re-injury (45.4%), and modifying patient's/nurse position (40.3%) were the top three coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of Nigerian nurses reported WMSDs at some body site in their occupational lives with the low back being injured most often. Education programmes on prevention and coping strategies for musculoskeletal disorders are recommended for nurses in order to reduce the rate of occupational hazards and also promote efficiency in patient care. SN - 1471-2474 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20089139/Work_related_musculoskeletal_disorders_among_nurses_in_Ibadan_South_west_Nigeria:_a_cross_sectional_survey_ L2 - https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2474-11-12 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -