Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Evaluation and comparison of tests to detect methicillin resistant S. aureus.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2010 Jan-Mar; 53(1):79-82.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

Phenotypic methods for detection of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been compared with the gold standard which, as of now, is by the detection of mecA gene and femA gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Discrepancies in detection have an adverse effect on patient management, thereby highlighting the importance of accuracy in detection. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy of cefoxitin disk diffusion test to detect MRSA and compare it with other phenotypic and molecular methods.

METHODOLOGY

The study was conducted from June 2006 to December 2007 and included 610 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolates obtained from clinical samples. All isolates were tested for MRSA using oxacillin screen agar plates with 6 microg/ml of oxacillin, cefoxitin disk diffusion using 30 microg disk and MIC of oxacillin. Selected isolates (55) were tested for presence of mecA gene and Fem A gene by PCR.

RESULTS

Out of 610 isolates, MRSA was identified in 34.09% by cefoxitin disk diffusion, 34.9% by oxacillin screen agar, 34.4% by MIC and 37.3% by oxacillin disk diffusion. When selected isolates were tested with molecular methods, the cefoxitin disk diffusion and PCR tests were comparable.

DISCUSSION

Prevalence of MRSA (34.09%) is quite high as in other studies. The oxacillin disk diffusion test which was used routinely earlier is showing low specificity (56%). Among all phenotypic methods, cefoxitin disk diffusion and PCR alone have similar sensitivity and specificity.

CONCLUSION

Results of cefoxitin disk diffusion test are in concordance with the PCR for mecA gene. Thus, the test can be an alternative to PCR for detection of MRSA in resource constraint settings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology, PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research, Coimbatore 641 004, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20090228

Citation

Mathews, Anila A., et al. "Evaluation and Comparison of Tests to Detect Methicillin Resistant S. Aureus." Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology, vol. 53, no. 1, 2010, pp. 79-82.
Mathews AA, Thomas M, Appalaraju B, et al. Evaluation and comparison of tests to detect methicillin resistant S. aureus. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2010;53(1):79-82.
Mathews, A. A., Thomas, M., Appalaraju, B., & Jayalakshmi, J. (2010). Evaluation and comparison of tests to detect methicillin resistant S. aureus. Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology, 53(1), 79-82. https://doi.org/10.4103/0377-4929.59189
Mathews AA, et al. Evaluation and Comparison of Tests to Detect Methicillin Resistant S. Aureus. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2010;53(1):79-82. PubMed PMID: 20090228.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation and comparison of tests to detect methicillin resistant S. aureus. AU - Mathews,Anila A, AU - Thomas,Marina, AU - Appalaraju,B, AU - Jayalakshmi,J, PY - 2010/1/22/entrez PY - 2010/1/22/pubmed PY - 2010/3/20/medline SP - 79 EP - 82 JF - Indian journal of pathology & microbiology JO - Indian J Pathol Microbiol VL - 53 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Phenotypic methods for detection of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been compared with the gold standard which, as of now, is by the detection of mecA gene and femA gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Discrepancies in detection have an adverse effect on patient management, thereby highlighting the importance of accuracy in detection. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy of cefoxitin disk diffusion test to detect MRSA and compare it with other phenotypic and molecular methods. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted from June 2006 to December 2007 and included 610 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolates obtained from clinical samples. All isolates were tested for MRSA using oxacillin screen agar plates with 6 microg/ml of oxacillin, cefoxitin disk diffusion using 30 microg disk and MIC of oxacillin. Selected isolates (55) were tested for presence of mecA gene and Fem A gene by PCR. RESULTS: Out of 610 isolates, MRSA was identified in 34.09% by cefoxitin disk diffusion, 34.9% by oxacillin screen agar, 34.4% by MIC and 37.3% by oxacillin disk diffusion. When selected isolates were tested with molecular methods, the cefoxitin disk diffusion and PCR tests were comparable. DISCUSSION: Prevalence of MRSA (34.09%) is quite high as in other studies. The oxacillin disk diffusion test which was used routinely earlier is showing low specificity (56%). Among all phenotypic methods, cefoxitin disk diffusion and PCR alone have similar sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: Results of cefoxitin disk diffusion test are in concordance with the PCR for mecA gene. Thus, the test can be an alternative to PCR for detection of MRSA in resource constraint settings. SN - 0974-5130 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20090228/Evaluation_and_comparison_of_tests_to_detect_methicillin_resistant_S__aureus_ L2 - http://www.ijpmonline.org/article.asp?issn=0377-4929;year=2010;volume=53;issue=1;spage=79;epage=82;aulast=Mathews DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -