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Distribution and abundance of anthropogenic marine debris along the shelf and slope of the US West Coast.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2010 May; 60(5):692-700.MP

Abstract

As marine debris levels continue to grow worldwide, defining sources, composition, and distribution of debris, as well as potential effects, becomes increasingly important. We investigated composition and abundance of man-made, benthic marine debris at 1347 randomly selected stations along the US West Coast during Groundfish Bottom Trawl Surveys in 2007 and 2008. Anthropogenic debris was observed in 469 tows at depths of 55-1280 m. Plastic and metallic debris occurred in the greatest number of hauls followed by fabric and glass. Mean density was 67.1 items km(-2) throughout the study area but was significantly higher south of 36 degrees 00'N latitude. Mean density significantly increased with depth, ranging from 30 items km(-2) in shallow (55-183 m) water to 128 items km(-2) in the deepest depth stratum (550-1280 m). Debris densities observed along the US West Coast were comparable to those seen elsewhere and provide a valuable backdrop for future comparisons.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Fishery Resource Analysis and Monitoring Division, 2725 Montlake Blvd. East, Seattle, WA 98112, USA. aimee.keller@noaa.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20092858

Citation

Keller, Aimee A., et al. "Distribution and Abundance of Anthropogenic Marine Debris Along the Shelf and Slope of the US West Coast." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 60, no. 5, 2010, pp. 692-700.
Keller AA, Fruh EL, Johnson MM, et al. Distribution and abundance of anthropogenic marine debris along the shelf and slope of the US West Coast. Mar Pollut Bull. 2010;60(5):692-700.
Keller, A. A., Fruh, E. L., Johnson, M. M., Simon, V., & McGourty, C. (2010). Distribution and abundance of anthropogenic marine debris along the shelf and slope of the US West Coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(5), 692-700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.12.006
Keller AA, et al. Distribution and Abundance of Anthropogenic Marine Debris Along the Shelf and Slope of the US West Coast. Mar Pollut Bull. 2010;60(5):692-700. PubMed PMID: 20092858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Distribution and abundance of anthropogenic marine debris along the shelf and slope of the US West Coast. AU - Keller,Aimee A, AU - Fruh,Erica L, AU - Johnson,Melanie M, AU - Simon,Victor, AU - McGourty,Catherine, Y1 - 2010/01/22/ PY - 2009/09/19/received PY - 2009/12/07/revised PY - 2009/12/12/accepted PY - 2010/1/23/entrez PY - 2010/1/23/pubmed PY - 2011/5/4/medline SP - 692 EP - 700 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 60 IS - 5 N2 - As marine debris levels continue to grow worldwide, defining sources, composition, and distribution of debris, as well as potential effects, becomes increasingly important. We investigated composition and abundance of man-made, benthic marine debris at 1347 randomly selected stations along the US West Coast during Groundfish Bottom Trawl Surveys in 2007 and 2008. Anthropogenic debris was observed in 469 tows at depths of 55-1280 m. Plastic and metallic debris occurred in the greatest number of hauls followed by fabric and glass. Mean density was 67.1 items km(-2) throughout the study area but was significantly higher south of 36 degrees 00'N latitude. Mean density significantly increased with depth, ranging from 30 items km(-2) in shallow (55-183 m) water to 128 items km(-2) in the deepest depth stratum (550-1280 m). Debris densities observed along the US West Coast were comparable to those seen elsewhere and provide a valuable backdrop for future comparisons. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20092858/Distribution_and_abundance_of_anthropogenic_marine_debris_along_the_shelf_and_slope_of_the_US_West_Coast_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(09)00508-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -