Inhibition of monoamine oxidase by 8-benzyloxycaffeine analogues.Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Feb; 18(3):1018-28.BM
Based on recent reports that several (E)-8-styrylcaffeinyl analogues are potent reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B), a series of 8-benzyloxycaffeinyl analogues were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of baboon liver MAO-B and recombinant human MAO-A and -B. The 8-benzyloxycaffeinyl analogues were found to inhibit reversibly both MAO isoforms with enzyme-inhibitor dissociation constants (K(i) values) ranging from 0.14 to 1.30 microM for the inhibition of human MAO-A, and 0.023-0.59 microM for the inhibition of human MAO-B. The most potent MAO-A inhibitor was 8-(3-methylbenzyloxy)caffeine while 8-(3-bromobenzyloxy)caffeine was the most potent MAO-B inhibitor. The analogues inhibited human and baboon MAO-B with similar potencies. A quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study indicated that the MAO-B inhibition potencies of the 8-benzyloxycaffeinyl analogues are dependent on the Hansch lipophilicity (pi) and Hammett electronic (sigma) constants of the substituents at C-3 of the benzyloxy ring. Electron-withdrawing substituents with a high degree of lipophilicity enhance inhibition potency. These results are discussed with reference to possible binding orientations of the inhibitors within the active site cavities of MAO-A and -B.