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Work demands and musculoskeletal disorders from the Spanish National Survey.
Occup Med (Lond). 2010 Sep; 60(6):447-50.OM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Physical demands at work remain a leading cause of work-related injuries in industrialized countries.

AIMS

To use the 2003 Spanish National Survey of Work Conditions to examine prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and physical load at work.

METHODS

Using a representative sample of 5236 persons from the Spanish workforce, the prevalence of carrying or lifting heavy loads, use of significant force and repetitive movements was examined among those with and without MSDs.

RESULTS

Use of significant force and carrying heavy weights decreased inversely in relation to exposure time and was always higher among those with MSD symptoms or work-related injury. For repetitive movements, prevalence increased with longer duration of exposure and was also significantly higher in those with MSD symptoms, except in the shortest duration category.

CONCLUSIONS

One-third of workers used significant force during part of their shifts, while 4% were exposed for >50% of their work shift, suggesting that 500 000 workers in Spain are at high risk of musculoskeletal injury. Moreover, repetitive movements involving >50% of the work shift affected 30% of workers. To reduce the high incidence of MSDs and work-related injury in Spain, preventive interventions should be directed at these risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Occupational Risk Prevention Service, Hospital Monte Naranco, Oviedo, Asturias 33012, Spain. martin.caicoya@sespa.princast.esNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20097744

Citation

Caicoya, M, and G L. Delclos. "Work Demands and Musculoskeletal Disorders From the Spanish National Survey." Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 60, no. 6, 2010, pp. 447-50.
Caicoya M, Delclos GL. Work demands and musculoskeletal disorders from the Spanish National Survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2010;60(6):447-50.
Caicoya, M., & Delclos, G. L. (2010). Work demands and musculoskeletal disorders from the Spanish National Survey. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 60(6), 447-50. https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqp191
Caicoya M, Delclos GL. Work Demands and Musculoskeletal Disorders From the Spanish National Survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2010;60(6):447-50. PubMed PMID: 20097744.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Work demands and musculoskeletal disorders from the Spanish National Survey. AU - Caicoya,M, AU - Delclos,G L, Y1 - 2010/01/22/ PY - 2010/1/26/entrez PY - 2010/1/26/pubmed PY - 2011/9/2/medline SP - 447 EP - 50 JF - Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) JO - Occup Med (Lond) VL - 60 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Physical demands at work remain a leading cause of work-related injuries in industrialized countries. AIMS: To use the 2003 Spanish National Survey of Work Conditions to examine prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and physical load at work. METHODS: Using a representative sample of 5236 persons from the Spanish workforce, the prevalence of carrying or lifting heavy loads, use of significant force and repetitive movements was examined among those with and without MSDs. RESULTS: Use of significant force and carrying heavy weights decreased inversely in relation to exposure time and was always higher among those with MSD symptoms or work-related injury. For repetitive movements, prevalence increased with longer duration of exposure and was also significantly higher in those with MSD symptoms, except in the shortest duration category. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of workers used significant force during part of their shifts, while 4% were exposed for >50% of their work shift, suggesting that 500 000 workers in Spain are at high risk of musculoskeletal injury. Moreover, repetitive movements involving >50% of the work shift affected 30% of workers. To reduce the high incidence of MSDs and work-related injury in Spain, preventive interventions should be directed at these risk factors. SN - 1471-8405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20097744/Work_demands_and_musculoskeletal_disorders_from_the_Spanish_National_Survey_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/occmed/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqp191 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -