Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Secondhand smoke drift: examining the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Mar; 12(3):271-7.NT

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This study aimed to examine the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars and to assess whether secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) drifts from outdoor smoking areas to adjacent indoor areas.

METHODS

Data were covertly collected from a convenience sample of 19 pubs and bars that had at least 1 indoor area with an adjacent semi-enclosed outdoor eating/drinking area. Using TSI SidePak Personal Aerosol Monitors, concentrations of SHS (PM(2.5)) were measured concurrently in indoor and outdoor areas before and after implementation of the indoor smoking ban. Information was collected about the number of patrons and lit cigarettes and about the enclosure of outdoor areas.

RESULTS

Indoor PM(2.5) concentrations reduced by 65.5% from pre-ban to post-ban (95% CI 32.6%-82.3%, p = .004). Outdoor exposure to PM(2.5) also reduced from pre-ban to post-ban by 38.8% (95% CI 3.2%-61.3%, p = .037). At post-ban, indoor concentrations of PM(2.5) were positively associated with outdoor concentrations. After adjustment for covariates, a 100% increase in geometric mean (GM) outdoor PM(2.5) was associated with a 36.1% (95% CI 2.4%-80.9%) increase in GM indoor PM(2.5) exposure (p = .035).

DISCUSSION

Indoor smoking bans are an effective means of improving indoor and outdoor air quality in pubs and bars, although the air quality of smoke-free indoor areas may be compromised by smoking in adjacent outdoor areas. These findings require consideration in efforts to ensure adequate protection of the health of employees and patrons at hospitality venues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton Vic 3053, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20097839

Citation

Brennan, Emily, et al. "Secondhand Smoke Drift: Examining the Influence of Indoor Smoking Bans On Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality at Pubs and Bars." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 12, no. 3, 2010, pp. 271-7.
Brennan E, Cameron M, Warne C, et al. Secondhand smoke drift: examining the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12(3):271-7.
Brennan, E., Cameron, M., Warne, C., Durkin, S., Borland, R., Travers, M. J., Hyland, A., & Wakefield, M. A. (2010). Secondhand smoke drift: examining the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 12(3), 271-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntp204
Brennan E, et al. Secondhand Smoke Drift: Examining the Influence of Indoor Smoking Bans On Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality at Pubs and Bars. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12(3):271-7. PubMed PMID: 20097839.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Secondhand smoke drift: examining the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars. AU - Brennan,Emily, AU - Cameron,Melissa, AU - Warne,Charles, AU - Durkin,Sarah, AU - Borland,Ron, AU - Travers,Mark J, AU - Hyland,Andrew, AU - Wakefield,Melanie A, Y1 - 2010/01/22/ PY - 2010/1/26/entrez PY - 2010/1/26/pubmed PY - 2010/5/12/medline SP - 271 EP - 7 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 12 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to examine the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars and to assess whether secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) drifts from outdoor smoking areas to adjacent indoor areas. METHODS: Data were covertly collected from a convenience sample of 19 pubs and bars that had at least 1 indoor area with an adjacent semi-enclosed outdoor eating/drinking area. Using TSI SidePak Personal Aerosol Monitors, concentrations of SHS (PM(2.5)) were measured concurrently in indoor and outdoor areas before and after implementation of the indoor smoking ban. Information was collected about the number of patrons and lit cigarettes and about the enclosure of outdoor areas. RESULTS: Indoor PM(2.5) concentrations reduced by 65.5% from pre-ban to post-ban (95% CI 32.6%-82.3%, p = .004). Outdoor exposure to PM(2.5) also reduced from pre-ban to post-ban by 38.8% (95% CI 3.2%-61.3%, p = .037). At post-ban, indoor concentrations of PM(2.5) were positively associated with outdoor concentrations. After adjustment for covariates, a 100% increase in geometric mean (GM) outdoor PM(2.5) was associated with a 36.1% (95% CI 2.4%-80.9%) increase in GM indoor PM(2.5) exposure (p = .035). DISCUSSION: Indoor smoking bans are an effective means of improving indoor and outdoor air quality in pubs and bars, although the air quality of smoke-free indoor areas may be compromised by smoking in adjacent outdoor areas. These findings require consideration in efforts to ensure adequate protection of the health of employees and patrons at hospitality venues. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20097839/Secondhand_smoke_drift:_examining_the_influence_of_indoor_smoking_bans_on_indoor_and_outdoor_air_quality_at_pubs_and_bars_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ntr/ntp204 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -