Possible adverse effect of high delta-alpha-tocopherol intake on hepatic iron overload: enhanced production of vitamin C and the genotoxin, 8-hydroxy-2'- deoxyguanosine.Toxicol Mech Methods. 2010 Feb; 20(2):96-104.TM
Excess hepatic iron generates reactive oxygen species that result in oxidative stress and oxidative damage to the liver. Vitamins have hitherto been considered to be a possible remedy. The aim of this study was to determine if high doses of delta-alpha-tocopherol supplementation in iron overload would ameliorate the oxidative stress. Four groups of 20 male Wistar albino rats were studied: group 1 (control) was fed normal diet, group 2 (Fe) 0.75% Ferrocene iron, group 3 (FV gp) 0.75% Ferrocene/delta-alpha-tocopherol (10x RDA), group 4 (V gp) normal diet/delta-alpha-tocopherol. After 12 months, serum iron, reduced glutathione, catalase, vitamin C, Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity, lipid peroxidation, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured. Vitamin C levels were: F gp = 5.04 +/- 0.09; FV gp = 5.85 +/- 0.13 (micromol/l) (p < 0.05). 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels were: F gp = 143.6 +/- 6.4; FV gp = 179.2 +/- 18.2 (ng/ml) (p < 0.05). Oxidative liver damage, as determined by serum AST and ALT levels, was not attenuated by alpha-tocopherol. A positive correlation existed between vitamin C and 8-OHdG, suggesting possible delta-alpha-tocopherol toxicity.