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Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants.
Allergy. 2010 Jun 01; 65(6):758-65.A

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Two previous cohort studies showed inverse relationships between maternal vitamin E and zinc intake during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and/or asthma in the offspring. We investigated the association between maternal intake of vegetables, fruit, and selected antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the offspring aged 16-24 months.

METHODS

Subjects were 763 Japanese mother-child pairs. Data on maternal intake during pregnancy were assessed with a diet history questionnaire. Data on symptoms of wheeze and eczema were based on criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.

RESULTS

Higher maternal intake of green and yellow vegetables, citrus fruit, and beta-carotene during pregnancy was significantly associated with a reduced risk of eczema, but not wheeze, in the offspring {adjusted odds ratios (ORs) between extreme quartiles [95% confidence intervals (CIs)] = 0.41 (0.24-0.71), 0.53 (0.30-0.93), and 0.52 (0.30-0.89), respectively}. Maternal vitamin E consumption during pregnancy was significantly inversely related to the risk of infantile wheeze, but not eczema [adjusted OR (95% CI) = 0.54 (0.32-0.90)]. No statistically significant exposure-response associations were observed between maternal intake of total vegetables, vegetables other than green and yellow vegetables, total fruit, apples, alpha-carotene, vitamin C, or zinc and the risk of wheeze or eczema in the children.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher maternal consumption of green and yellow vegetables, citrus fruit, and beta-carotene during pregnancy may be protective against the development of eczema in the offspring. Higher maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy may reduce the risk of infantile wheeze.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka. miyakey@fukuoka-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20102358

Citation

Miyake, Y, et al. "Consumption of Vegetables, Fruit, and Antioxidants During Pregnancy and Wheeze and Eczema in Infants." Allergy, vol. 65, no. 6, 2010, pp. 758-65.
Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants. Allergy. 2010;65(6):758-65.
Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., & Hirota, Y. (2010). Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants. Allergy, 65(6), 758-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02267.x
Miyake Y, et al. Consumption of Vegetables, Fruit, and Antioxidants During Pregnancy and Wheeze and Eczema in Infants. Allergy. 2010 Jun 1;65(6):758-65. PubMed PMID: 20102358.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants. AU - Miyake,Y, AU - Sasaki,S, AU - Tanaka,K, AU - Hirota,Y, Y1 - 2010/01/22/ PY - 2010/1/28/entrez PY - 2010/1/28/pubmed PY - 2010/10/7/medline SP - 758 EP - 65 JF - Allergy JO - Allergy VL - 65 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Two previous cohort studies showed inverse relationships between maternal vitamin E and zinc intake during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and/or asthma in the offspring. We investigated the association between maternal intake of vegetables, fruit, and selected antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the offspring aged 16-24 months. METHODS: Subjects were 763 Japanese mother-child pairs. Data on maternal intake during pregnancy were assessed with a diet history questionnaire. Data on symptoms of wheeze and eczema were based on criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. RESULTS: Higher maternal intake of green and yellow vegetables, citrus fruit, and beta-carotene during pregnancy was significantly associated with a reduced risk of eczema, but not wheeze, in the offspring {adjusted odds ratios (ORs) between extreme quartiles [95% confidence intervals (CIs)] = 0.41 (0.24-0.71), 0.53 (0.30-0.93), and 0.52 (0.30-0.89), respectively}. Maternal vitamin E consumption during pregnancy was significantly inversely related to the risk of infantile wheeze, but not eczema [adjusted OR (95% CI) = 0.54 (0.32-0.90)]. No statistically significant exposure-response associations were observed between maternal intake of total vegetables, vegetables other than green and yellow vegetables, total fruit, apples, alpha-carotene, vitamin C, or zinc and the risk of wheeze or eczema in the children. CONCLUSIONS: Higher maternal consumption of green and yellow vegetables, citrus fruit, and beta-carotene during pregnancy may be protective against the development of eczema in the offspring. Higher maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy may reduce the risk of infantile wheeze. SN - 1398-9995 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20102358/Consumption_of_vegetables_fruit_and_antioxidants_during_pregnancy_and_wheeze_and_eczema_in_infants_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02267.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -