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Pharmacokinetic comparison of a new glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation and a glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation: a single-dose, randomized, open-label, two-period, two-way crossover study in healthy, fasting Korean male volunteers.
Clin Ther. 2009 Nov; 31(11):2755-64.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Coadministration of glimepiride and metformin has been used to achieve glucose control. Because compliance with a multiple medication regimen can be difficult for some patients, combination tablets of glimepiride + metformin might be a suitable alternative for these patients.

OBJECTIVE

This study was conducted to compare the pharmacokinetics of test and reference formulations of glimepiride + metformin fixed-dose combination tablets under fasting conditions to meet the regulatory requirements for marketing approval of a new drug in Korea.

METHODS

This was a single-dose, randomized, open-label, 2-period, 2-way crossover study conducted between March 2007 and May 2007. Healthy fasting Korean men were randomized to 1 of 2 dosing sequences: a single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet (test) followed by single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 2 mg + metformin 500 mg combination tablet (reference), separated by a 1-week washout period between doses; or a single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet followed by single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 1 mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet, separated by a 1-week washout period between doses. Serial samples of blood were collected up to 24 hours after oral administration, and drug concentrations in plasma were determined by HPLC-MS/MS. Tolerability was assessed based on adverse events and changes in clinical parameters. Serious adverse events included those that resulted in death, a life-threatening condition, congenital anomaly or birth defect, or required hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization.

RESULTS

A total of 30 healthy male subjects (mean age, 25.6 years [range, 20-36 years]; weight, 69.5 kg [range, 58.2-90.7 kg]) participated in the study. After administration of the test and reference formulations, glimepiride was rapidly absorbed, reaching C(max) with a median T(max) of 1.75 and 2.0 hours, respectively, and then declined exponentially with an average t(1/2) of 8.2 and 8.5 hours. The individual C(max) and AUC(last) of glimepiride were observed to be proportionally increased according to the administered glimepiride dose. The mean (SD) dose-normalized Cmax values of glimepiride 1 and 2 mg were 168.2 (54.9) and 149.9 (47.4) ng/mL/mg, respectively; the mean dose-normalized AUC(last) values of glimepiride 1 and 2 mg were 681.5 (190.3) and 635.8 (194.1) ng x h/mL/mg. Individual plots of dose-normalized C(max) and AUC(last) values identified a similarity between the 2 groups but no significant between-group differences. A total of 25 adverse events (12 after the test dose and 13 after the reference dose) were reported by 13 of the 30 subjects. All adverse events were considered mild. Twenty-one adverse events were considered related to the study drug (8 after the test dose and 13 after the reference dose). Adverse events believed to be related to the test formulation were diarrhea (4 cases), dizziness (1), headache (1), tingling sensation (1), and weakness (1). Adverse events believed to be related to the reference formulation were diarrhea (6 cases), headache (3), cold sweats (1), dyspepsia (1), epigastric discomfort (1), and lethargy (1). There were no clinically significant findings in the laboratory test results or vital sign monitoring during the study. There were no serious adverse events reported.

CONCLUSIONS

The C(max) and AUC(last) of glimepiride increased proportionally according to the administered glimepiride dose in this study of healthy, fasting Korean men. The safety profiles of the 2 combination tablets were comparable.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20110017

Citation

Kim, Bo-Hyung, et al. "Pharmacokinetic Comparison of a New Glimepiride 1-mg + Metformin 500-mg Combination Tablet Formulation and a Glimepiride 2-mg + Metformin 500-mg Combination Tablet Formulation: a Single-dose, Randomized, Open-label, Two-period, Two-way Crossover Study in Healthy, Fasting Korean Male Volunteers." Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 31, no. 11, 2009, pp. 2755-64.
Kim BH, Shin KH, Kim J, et al. Pharmacokinetic comparison of a new glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation and a glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation: a single-dose, randomized, open-label, two-period, two-way crossover study in healthy, fasting Korean male volunteers. Clin Ther. 2009;31(11):2755-64.
Kim, B. H., Shin, K. H., Kim, J., Lim, K. S., Kim, K. P., Kim, J. R., Cho, J. Y., Shin, S. G., Jang, I. J., & Yu, K. S. (2009). Pharmacokinetic comparison of a new glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation and a glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation: a single-dose, randomized, open-label, two-period, two-way crossover study in healthy, fasting Korean male volunteers. Clinical Therapeutics, 31(11), 2755-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2009.11.001
Kim BH, et al. Pharmacokinetic Comparison of a New Glimepiride 1-mg + Metformin 500-mg Combination Tablet Formulation and a Glimepiride 2-mg + Metformin 500-mg Combination Tablet Formulation: a Single-dose, Randomized, Open-label, Two-period, Two-way Crossover Study in Healthy, Fasting Korean Male Volunteers. Clin Ther. 2009;31(11):2755-64. PubMed PMID: 20110017.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pharmacokinetic comparison of a new glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation and a glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet formulation: a single-dose, randomized, open-label, two-period, two-way crossover study in healthy, fasting Korean male volunteers. AU - Kim,Bo-Hyung, AU - Shin,Kwang-Hee, AU - Kim,Jaewoo, AU - Lim,Kyoung Soo, AU - Kim,Kyu-Pyo, AU - Kim,Jung-Ryul, AU - Cho,Joo-Youn, AU - Shin,Sang-Goo, AU - Jang,In-Jin, AU - Yu,Kyung-Sang, PY - 2009/09/09/accepted PY - 2010/1/30/entrez PY - 2010/1/30/pubmed PY - 2010/4/10/medline SP - 2755 EP - 64 JF - Clinical therapeutics JO - Clin Ther VL - 31 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Coadministration of glimepiride and metformin has been used to achieve glucose control. Because compliance with a multiple medication regimen can be difficult for some patients, combination tablets of glimepiride + metformin might be a suitable alternative for these patients. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the pharmacokinetics of test and reference formulations of glimepiride + metformin fixed-dose combination tablets under fasting conditions to meet the regulatory requirements for marketing approval of a new drug in Korea. METHODS: This was a single-dose, randomized, open-label, 2-period, 2-way crossover study conducted between March 2007 and May 2007. Healthy fasting Korean men were randomized to 1 of 2 dosing sequences: a single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 1-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet (test) followed by single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 2 mg + metformin 500 mg combination tablet (reference), separated by a 1-week washout period between doses; or a single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 2-mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet followed by single oral administration of a fixed-dose glimepiride 1 mg + metformin 500-mg combination tablet, separated by a 1-week washout period between doses. Serial samples of blood were collected up to 24 hours after oral administration, and drug concentrations in plasma were determined by HPLC-MS/MS. Tolerability was assessed based on adverse events and changes in clinical parameters. Serious adverse events included those that resulted in death, a life-threatening condition, congenital anomaly or birth defect, or required hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization. RESULTS: A total of 30 healthy male subjects (mean age, 25.6 years [range, 20-36 years]; weight, 69.5 kg [range, 58.2-90.7 kg]) participated in the study. After administration of the test and reference formulations, glimepiride was rapidly absorbed, reaching C(max) with a median T(max) of 1.75 and 2.0 hours, respectively, and then declined exponentially with an average t(1/2) of 8.2 and 8.5 hours. The individual C(max) and AUC(last) of glimepiride were observed to be proportionally increased according to the administered glimepiride dose. The mean (SD) dose-normalized Cmax values of glimepiride 1 and 2 mg were 168.2 (54.9) and 149.9 (47.4) ng/mL/mg, respectively; the mean dose-normalized AUC(last) values of glimepiride 1 and 2 mg were 681.5 (190.3) and 635.8 (194.1) ng x h/mL/mg. Individual plots of dose-normalized C(max) and AUC(last) values identified a similarity between the 2 groups but no significant between-group differences. A total of 25 adverse events (12 after the test dose and 13 after the reference dose) were reported by 13 of the 30 subjects. All adverse events were considered mild. Twenty-one adverse events were considered related to the study drug (8 after the test dose and 13 after the reference dose). Adverse events believed to be related to the test formulation were diarrhea (4 cases), dizziness (1), headache (1), tingling sensation (1), and weakness (1). Adverse events believed to be related to the reference formulation were diarrhea (6 cases), headache (3), cold sweats (1), dyspepsia (1), epigastric discomfort (1), and lethargy (1). There were no clinically significant findings in the laboratory test results or vital sign monitoring during the study. There were no serious adverse events reported. CONCLUSIONS: The C(max) and AUC(last) of glimepiride increased proportionally according to the administered glimepiride dose in this study of healthy, fasting Korean men. The safety profiles of the 2 combination tablets were comparable. SN - 1879-114X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20110017/Pharmacokinetic_comparison_of_a_new_glimepiride_1_mg_+_metformin_500_mg_combination_tablet_formulation_and_a_glimepiride_2_mg_+_metformin_500_mg_combination_tablet_formulation:_a_single_dose_randomized_open_label_two_period_two_way_crossover_study_in_healthy_fasting_Korean_male_volunteers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0149-2918(09)00391-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -