Expression of OCTN2 and OCTN3 in the apical membrane of rat renal cortex and medulla.J Cell Physiol. 2010 May; 223(2):451-9.JC
Immunological assays and transport measurements in apical membrane vesicles revealed that the apical membrane of rat kidney cortex and medulla presents OCTN2 and OCTN3 proteins and transports L-[(3)H]-carnitine in a Na(+)-dependent and -independent manner. OCTN2 mediates the Na(+)/L-carnitine transport activity measured in medulla because (i) the transport showed the same characteristics as the cortical Na(+)/L-carnitine transporter and (ii) the medulla expressed OCTN2 mRNA and protein. The Na(+)-independent L-carnitine transport activity appears to be mediated by both OCTN2 and OCTN3 since: (i) Na(+)-independent L-carnitine uptake was inhibited by both, anti-OCTN2 and anti-OCTN3 antibodies, (ii) kinetics studies revealed the involvement of a high- and a low-affinity transport systems, and (iii) Western and immunohistochemistry studies revealed that OCTN3 protein is located at the apical membrane of the kidney epithelia. The Na(+)-independent L-carnitine uptake exhibited trans-stimulation by intravesicular L-carnitine or betaine. This trans-stimulation was inhibited by anti-OCTN3 antibody, but not by anti-OCTN2 antibody, indicating that OCTN3 can function as an L-carnitine/organic compound exchanger. This is the first report showing a functional apical OCTN2 in the renal medulla and a functional apical OCTN3 in both renal cortex and medulla.