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Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Feb; 82(2):289-300.AJ

Abstract

For populations without reliable access to safe drinking water, household water treatment (HWT) provides a means of improving water quality and preventing disease. We extracted data on reported HWT practices from 67 national surveys and reports on the scope of HWT. An estimated 33.0% of the households (1.1 billion people) in these countries report treating their drinking water at home. The practice is widespread in the Western Pacific (66.8%) and Southeast Asia (45.4%) regions, and it is less common in the Eastern Mediterranean (13.6%) and Africa (18.2%). Boiling is the most dominant method with 21.0% of the study households (598 million people) using the method. Despite being at higher risk of waterborne disease because of lower coverage of improved water sources, African and rural households are less likely to practice HWT or use microbiologically adequate methods. Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom. ghislaine.rosa@lshtm.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20134007

Citation

Rosa, Ghislaine, and Thomas Clasen. "Estimating the Scope of Household Water Treatment in Low- and Medium-income Countries." The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 82, no. 2, 2010, pp. 289-300.
Rosa G, Clasen T. Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82(2):289-300.
Rosa, G., & Clasen, T. (2010). Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82(2), 289-300. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0382
Rosa G, Clasen T. Estimating the Scope of Household Water Treatment in Low- and Medium-income Countries. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82(2):289-300. PubMed PMID: 20134007.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries. AU - Rosa,Ghislaine, AU - Clasen,Thomas, PY - 2010/2/6/entrez PY - 2010/2/6/pubmed PY - 2010/3/3/medline SP - 289 EP - 300 JF - The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene JO - Am J Trop Med Hyg VL - 82 IS - 2 N2 - For populations without reliable access to safe drinking water, household water treatment (HWT) provides a means of improving water quality and preventing disease. We extracted data on reported HWT practices from 67 national surveys and reports on the scope of HWT. An estimated 33.0% of the households (1.1 billion people) in these countries report treating their drinking water at home. The practice is widespread in the Western Pacific (66.8%) and Southeast Asia (45.4%) regions, and it is less common in the Eastern Mediterranean (13.6%) and Africa (18.2%). Boiling is the most dominant method with 21.0% of the study households (598 million people) using the method. Despite being at higher risk of waterborne disease because of lower coverage of improved water sources, African and rural households are less likely to practice HWT or use microbiologically adequate methods. Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices. SN - 1476-1645 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20134007/Estimating_the_scope_of_household_water_treatment_in_low__and_medium_income_countries_ L2 - http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0382?crawler=true&mimetype=application/pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -